Rejuvenation of Tissues from Mature Conifers and its Implications for Propagation in Vitro

  • J. M. Bonga
  • P. von Aderkas


Clonal propagation of trees old enough to have expressed their desirable characteristics is an effective means of rapidly obtaining improved planting stock. However, cloning of mature trees of conifer species is often difficult or impossible with present-day techniques. Therefore, specimens are often selected for clonal propagation when they are still too young for proper assesment. For many species such assesment is, at present, not possible until the trees have reached about half their rotation age (Namkoong et al. 1980). Because of this predicament, maximum benefit of clonal propagation cannot be expected until we find the appropriate means either to clone older trees or to determine at a young age what the trees will be like at the end of their rotation.


Somatic Embryo Somatic Embryogenesis Mature Tree Embryogenic Culture Larix Decidua 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. M. Bonga
    • 1
  • P. von Aderkas
    • 2
  1. 1.Forestry Canada—Maritimes RegionFrederictonCanada
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada

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