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Invar Systems

Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 92)

Abstract

Towards the end of the 19th Century, in order to encourage the spread of the metric system all over the world, the International Bureau of Standards was making great efforts to discover a new cheap alloy which could be used as a measure instead of the meter standard made from a Pt-Ir alloy which was very expensive. Guillaume who engaged in this project, finally after many trials, found a new alloy with the composition of 65% Fe and 35% Ni which exhibited an almost zero thermal expansion coefficient at room temperature. Since this new alloy had almost constant dimensions independent of temperature, he named it the “invariable alloy”, i.e. the “Invar alloy”.

Keywords

Itinerant Electron Invar Alloy Stoner Model Transition Metal Alloy Thermal Expansion Curve 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

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