Magnetic Domains Observed by Electron Holography

Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 92)


This chapter describes a newly developed method for observing magnetic domain structures in thin films. In this method, the wavefront of an electron beam transmitted through the films is displayed as a contour map using electron holography. Adjacent contour lines enclose a constant magnetic flux of h/e (= 4.1 × 10−15 Wb) and are along the in-plane magnetic lines of force.


Magnetic Domain Magnetic Line Interference Microscopy Magnetic Domain Structure Interference Image 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

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