Systems of Identical Particles

  • Alberto Galindo
  • Pedro Pascual
Part of the Texts and Monographs in Physics book series (TMP)


In the framework of classical mechanics there is no need to treat systems containing identical particles in any special way, for even though all their characteristic properties are the same, it is always possible to identify each one of them. It suffices in principle to measure the position and momentum of each particle at a given instant of time with infinite precision. With these values as initial conditions and using the equations of motion, each particle can be identified at any other time.


Wave Function Occupation Number Annihilation Operator Identical Particle Superselection Rule 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alberto Galindo
    • 1
  • Pedro Pascual
    • 2
  1. 1.Facultad de Ciencias Físicas, Departamento de Física TeóricaUniversidad ComplutenseMadridSpain
  2. 2.Facultad de Física, Departamento de Física TeóricaUniversidad de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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