Acute Heroin Intoxication
The use of narcotics, especially morphinic, is spreading over Western Europe, and this represents a real social and economic emergency. Heroin (diacethylmorphine), a new semi-synthetic derivative of morphine, is nowadays the most widely used narcotic in Southern Europa, being responsible for the large majority (>80%) of deaths directly related to drug abuse. Heroin addicts are often referred to emergency department or intensive care units for the treatment of lifethreathening complications of drug abuse. We will briefly review the effects of acute heroin intoxication, focussing our attention to the pathophysiology of heroin induced pulmonary edema.
KeywordsAdult Respiratory Distress Syndrome Heroin Addict Edema Fluid Pulmonary Mechanic Economic Emergency
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