Update 1990 pp 166-173 | Cite as

Respiratory Changes Induced by Upper Abdominal and Cardiac Surgery

  • F. Clergue
  • J. L. Pansard
Part of the Update in Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine book series (UICM, volume 10)


Thoracic and upper abdominal surgery are known to be associated with a high incidence of pulmonary atelectasis and pulmonary infections. After upper abdominal surgery, pulmonary complications occur in 30 to 75% of patients, depending on the criteria defining these complications, on the nature and the duration of the surgical procedure, and on postoperative therapeutic management. Most of the alterations of the respiratory system are specific of these types of surgery, since they do not appear in peripheral surgery, and develop during the first postoperative day [1]. Some of these respiratory impairments are already present as soon as the patient emerges from anesthesia, some are not present during the recovery period and appear progressively during the first postoperative day.


Phrenic Nerve Functional Residual Capacity Abdominal Muscle Respiratory Change Gastric Pressure 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Clergue
  • J. L. Pansard

There are no affiliations available

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