Large Lakes pp 459-474 | Cite as

Seasonal Succession of Rotifers in Large Lakes

  • Hans-Rainer Pauli
Part of the Brock/Springer Series in Contemporary Bioscience book series (BROCK/SPRINGER)

Abstract

Details of rotifer succession are known for lakes from the cold regions to the tropics and for trophic levels covering the complete spectrum of trophy. Because of its relatively small size, rotifer standing stock is usually of minor importance. Their relative significance within the energy flow of lake ecosystems, however, can be substantial and ranges from 3% to 96% of total zooplankton productivity. Temperature, food supply, competition with filter-feeding cladocerans, and predation by raptorial copepods are the main factors controlling seasonal occurrence, density, and succession of rotifers. In general, the winter rotifer communities consist of few (<5) species while the maximum number of species (>20) occurs in summer. Number of individuals per unit volume may fluctuate within three orders of magnitude. The common temporal patterns of abundance of rotifer communities in temperate lakes are: (1) low density during winter when both temperature and food levels are low, (2) exponential growth in spring when temperature and food levels increase, (3) subsequent breakdown of the rotifer community, and (4) wide fluctuations in abundance during summer and autumn. This overall temporal pattern is the result of the underlying dynamics of individual species differing either in their specific requirements for food and temperature or in their susceptibility to predators.

Keywords

Biomass Migration Phytoplankton Sedimentation Stratification 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

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  • Hans-Rainer Pauli

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