Pelargonium spp. (Geranium): In Vitro Culture and the Production of Aromatic Compounds

  • B. V. Charlwood
  • K. A. Charlwood
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 15)


The genus Pelargonium is a member of the family Geraniaceae in which grouping are also included the genera Geranium, Erodium, Monsonia and Sarcocaulon. The vast majority of the 250 or so natural species of Pelargonium derive from South Africa, although a few species are native to Australia, East Africa and Syria. The genus is subject to large morphological diversity and, for descriptive purposes, has been subdivided into 15, or sometimes 16, sections (or subgenera) based on leaf and flower characteristics and on habitat. The leaves of many of the species and numerous artificial hybrids are scented, and members of the subgenera Pelargonium, Cortusina and Polyactium appear to be especially rich in essential oil (Webb 1984).


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. V. Charlwood
    • 1
  • K. A. Charlwood
    • 2
  1. 1.Plant Cell and Molecular Sciences Group, Division of Biosphere SciencesKing’s College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.School of ChemistryThames PolytechnicLondonUK

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