Skip to main content

Psychological Theories from a Structuralist Point of View

A First Introduction

  • Chapter

Part of the Recent Research in Psychology book series (PSYCHOLOGY)

Abstract

The structuralist program in the philosophy of science offers a promising framework for theoretical investigations in psychology. It recommends as a scientific language the informal theory of sets, and provides powerful tools to handle many problems of interest in the analysis of psychological theories. This chapter gives a short introduction into the structuralist view of theories, and assesses the current state of attempts to reconstruct or construct psychological theories from a structuralist perspective.

Keywords

  • Potential Model
  • Scientific Theory
  • Structuralist Approach
  • Psychological Theory
  • Intended Application

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-84015-9_1
  • Chapter length: 12 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   109.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-642-84015-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   149.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  • Balzer, W. (1982). Empirische Theorien: Modelle - Strukturen - Beispiele. Braunschweig: Vieweg.

    Google Scholar 

  • Balzer, W. (1985). Theorie und Messung. Berlin: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Balzer,W., & Heidelberger,M. (Eds.) (1983). Zur Logik empirischer Theorien. Berlin: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Balzer, W., & Marcou, Ph. (1987). A reconstruction of Sigmund Freud’s early theory of the unconscious. Paper presented at the first conference “Psychological theories from a structuralist point of view”, Werner-Reimers-Foundation, Bad Homburg.

    Google Scholar 

  • Balzer, W., Moulines, C.U., & Sneed, J.D. (1987). An architectonic for science: The structuralist program. Dordrecht: Reidel.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Birkhan, G., & Friedrichsen, G. (1982). Versuch einer strukturalistischen Rekonstruktion von psychologischen Handlungstheorien. Unpublished paper, University of Hamburg.

    Google Scholar 

  • Birkhan, G., & Friedrichsen, G. (1983). Handlungstheorien im Lichte der strukturalistischen Theorienauffassung. In G.Lüer (Ed.), Bericht über den 33. Kongreß der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie in Mainz 1982. Volume 1 (pp. 453–456). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Google Scholar 

  • Carnap, R. (1962). Logical foundations of probability. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Debler, W. (1988). Strukturalistische Rekonstruktion der Attributionstheorie: Ein Theoriennetz. Paper presented at the third conference “Psychological theories from a structuralist point of view”, Werner-Reimers-Foundation, Bad Homburg.

    Google Scholar 

  • Abstract in W. Schönpflug (Ed.), Bericht über den 36. Kongreß der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie in Berlin 1988. Volume 1 (p. 400). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Google Scholar 

  • Heise, E. & Westermann, R. (1988). Erste Überlegungen zur strukturalistischen Rekonstruktion von Andersons Theorie der kognitiven Architektur ACT*. Paper presented at the third conference “Psychological theories from a structuralist point of view”, Werner-Reimers-Foundation, Bad Homburg.

    Google Scholar 

  • Abstract in W. Schönpflug (Ed.), Bericht über den 36. Kongreß der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie in Berlin 1988. Volume 1 (p. 399). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Google Scholar 

  • Heise, E. & Westermann, R. (1989). Anderson’s theory of cognitive architecture (ACT*): A structuralist reconstruction of some important theory-elements. Paper presented at the First European Congress of Psychology in Amsterdam.

    Google Scholar 

  • Holling, H. (1988). Wahrscheinlichkeitsmodelle und empirische Analysen zur Beanspruchung durch Systemresponsezeiten. Berlin: Springer. (a)

    Google Scholar 

  • Holling, H. (1988). Zur strukturalistischen Konstruktion einer Theorie zur Beanspruchung durch Handlungsuntcrbrechungen. Paper presented at the third conference “Psychological theories from a structuralist point of view”, Werner-Reimers-Foundation, Bad Homburg. Abstract in W. Schö;npflug (Ed.), Bericht über den 36. Kongreß der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie in Berlin 1988. Volume 1 (p. 400–;401). Göttingen: Hogrefe. (b)

    Google Scholar 

  • Holling, H. (1989). Interruption of behavior and stress: A structuralist approach. Paper presented at the First European Congress of Psychology in Amsterdam.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kraiker, C. (1977). Zum Problem von Theorien und ihrer Anwendung in der Psychologie. In P. Gottwald, & C. Kraiker (Eds.), Zum Verhältnis von Theorie und Praxis in der Psychologie (pp. 33–46). München: GVT.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kraiker, C. (1977). Behavioural analysis and the structural view of scientific theories. European Journal of Behavioural Analysis and Modification, 4, 203–213.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kraiker, C. (1980). Psychoanalyse, Behaviorismus, Handlungstheorie. München: Kindler.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kuokkanen, M. (1986). Conceptual correlation: An example of two social psychological theories. Theory and Decision, 20, 1–32.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Kuokkanen, M. (1989). A generalization of social psychological balance theories. Paper presented at the colloquium “Recent results of the formal philosophy of science”, Institute of Philosophy, Free University of Berlin. (a)

    Google Scholar 

  • Kuokkanen, M. (1989). A generalization of the theory of role conflict resolution. Unpublished paper, Department of Philosophy, University of Helsinki. (b)

    Google Scholar 

  • Moulines, C.U. (1976). Approximate application of empirical theories: A general explication. Erkenntnis, 10, 201–227.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Moulines, C.U. (1982). Exploracíones metacientifícas. Madrid: Alianza.

    Google Scholar 

  • Sneed, J.D. (1971). The logical structure of mathematical physics. Dordrecht: Reidel.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Stegmüller, W. (1973). The structure and dynamics of theories. New York: Springer. (German edition, 1973)

    Google Scholar 

  • Stegmüller, W. (1979). The structuralist view of theories. New York: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stegmüller, W. (1980). Neue Wege der Wissenschaftsphilosophie. Berlin: Springer.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Stegmüller, W. (1986). Die Entwicklung des neuen Strukturalismus seit 1973. Berlin: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stephan, E. (1987). Strukturalistische Rekonstruktion psychologischer Nutzentheorien. Paper presented at the first conference “Psychological theories from a structuralist point of view”, Werner-Reimers-Foundation, Bad Homburg.

    Google Scholar 

  • Abstract in W. Schönpflug (Ed.)(1988), Bericht über den 36. Kongreß der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie in Berlin 1988. Volume 1 (p. 398). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Google Scholar 

  • Stephan, E. (1989). Zur logischen Struktur psychologischer Theorien. Eine Untersuchung im Rahmen der strukturalistischen Wissenschaftstheorie. Berlin: Springer. (a)

    Google Scholar 

  • Stephan, E. (1989). A net of psychological utility theories. Paper presented at the First European Congress of Psychology in Amsterdam. (b)

    Google Scholar 

  • Suppes, P. (1957). Introduction to logic. Princeton, N.J.: Van Nostrand.

    Google Scholar 

  • Suppes, P. (1969). Studies in the methodology and foundations of science. Dordrecht: Reidel.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ueckert, H. (1983). Computer-Simulation. In J. Bredenkamp & H. Feger (Eds.), Hypothesenprüfung (pp. 530–616). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Google Scholar 

  • Ueckert, H. (1988) Strukturalistische Konstruktion einer Theorie des Handelns und Probehandelns. Paper presented at the third conference “Psychological theories from a structuralist point of view”, Werner-Reimers-Foundation, Bad Homburg.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wegener, B. (1982). Outline of a structural taxonomy of sensory and social psychophysics. In B. Wegener (Ed.), Social attitudes and psychophysical measurement (pp. 1–40). Hillsdale, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

    Google Scholar 

  • Westermann, R. (1987). Strukturalistische Theorienkonzeption und empirische Forschung in der Psychologic Berlin: Springer.

    Google Scholar 

  • Westermann, R. (1988). Structuralist reconstruction of psychological research: Cognitive dissonance. The German Journal of Psycholoy, 12, 218–231. (a)

    Google Scholar 

  • Westermann, R. (1988). Festingers Dissonanztheorie: Zur Präzisierung ihrer strukturalistischen Rekonstruktion als Theoriennetz. Paper presented at the third conference “Psychological theories from a structuralist point of view”, Werner-Reimers-Foundation, Bad Homburg. Abstract in W. Schönpflug (Ed.), Bericht über den 36. Kongreß der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie in Berlin 1988. Volume 1 (p. 397–398). Göttingen: Hogrefe. (b)

    Google Scholar 

  • Westermann, R. (1989) Festinger’s theory of cognitive dissonance: A revised structuralist reconstruction. Paper presented at the First European Congress of Psychology in Amsterdam.

    Google Scholar 

  • Westmeyer, H. (1987). Strukturalistische Rekonstruktion einer Theorie der Verhaltensinteraktion. Paper presented at the first conference “Psychological theories from a structuralist point of view”, Werner-Reimers-Foundation, Bad Homburg.

    Google Scholar 

  • Westmeyer, H. (1989). A theory of behavior interaction: A structuralist construction. Paper presented at the First European Congress of Psychology in Amsterdam.

    Google Scholar 

  • Westmeyer, H., Eller, F., Winkelmann, K. & Nell, V. (1982). A theory of behavior interaction in dyads: A structuralist account. Metamedicine, 3, 209–231.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  • Westmeyer, H., Hannemann, J., Nell, V., Völkel, U. & Winkelmann,K. (1987). Eine Monotheory-Multimethod Analyse: Plädoyer für einen deduktivistischen Multiplismus. Diagnostica, 33, 227–242.

    Google Scholar 

  • Westmeyer, H. & Nell, V. (1987). Psychologische Theorien aus strukturalistischer Sicht. In M. Amelang (Hrsg.), Bericht über den 35. Kongreß der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie in Heidelberg 1986. Volume 2 (pp. 179–190). Göttingen: Hogrefe.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wilson, K.V. (1980). From association to structure: The course of cognition. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 1989 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

About this chapter

Cite this chapter

Westmeyer, H. (1989). Psychological Theories from a Structuralist Point of View. In: Westmeyer, H. (eds) Psychological Theories from a Structuralist Point of View. Recent Research in Psychology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-84015-9_1

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-84015-9_1

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-540-51904-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-84015-9

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive