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Atmospheric Deposition of Sulfur, Nitrogen and Basic Cations onto European Forests: Observations and Model Calculations

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Summary

Measurements of sulfur and nitrogen deposition by means of the throughfall method are compared with model estimates. The sulfur model appears to estimate deposition to deciduous forests very well, but underestimates deposition to conifers by 30 to 40%. The NH4-N deposition to forest is underestimated by the applied model. The model predictions of NO3-N deposition do not show any bias against observations, but are not better correlated with observations than NH4 calculations. Reduced nitrogen compounds are the dominant nitrogen form in throughfall in ammonia polluted areas and contribute up to 50% of the total nitrogen deposition in other areas. Deposition of alkaline material to forests is estimated by applying different methods. Basic cation deposition neutralizes about 31% of the acid sulfur deposition to forest, on the average. Because of the large spatial variability of base cation deposition, it is recommended to develop a model for atmospheric transport and deposition of calcium- and magnesium-bearing particles.

Keywords

  • Atmospheric Deposition
  • Basic Cation
  • Nitrogen Deposition
  • Sulfur Deposition
  • Coniferous Stand

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© 1989 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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Ivens, W., Tank, A.K., Kauppi, P., Alcamo, J. (1989). Atmospheric Deposition of Sulfur, Nitrogen and Basic Cations onto European Forests: Observations and Model Calculations. In: Kämäri, J., Brakke, D.F., Jenkins, A., Norton, S.A., Wright, R.F. (eds) Regional Acidification Models. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-83994-8_9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-83994-8_9

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-642-83996-2

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-83994-8

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