Advertisement

Structure

  • A. Perez Estaun
  • F. Bastida
  • L. R. Rodriguez Fernandez
  • N. Heredia
Part of the IGCP-Project 233 book series (IGCP 233)

Abstract

The foreland thrust and fold belt of the Variscan collisional orogen in the northwestern Iberian Peninsula, Cantabrian Zone (CZ), is located in the inner part of an arc described by the structures of the orogen (Asturian arc or Iberoarmorican arc; Fig. 1 in Part II, Chap. 1, p. 7). The structure of this zone has a thin-skinned type of geometry, complicated by the existence of more than one level of decollement and by a wide range of different thrust systems. These combine to produce complex and irregular map outcrop patterns of the thrust units, as shown in Fig. 1. The deformation took place under shallow crustal conditions, without metamorphism and with only the local development of cleavage.

Keywords

Thrust Sheet Thrust System Cantabrian Mountain Struct Geol Iberian Massif 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Bibliography and References for Part II, Chap. 2.5, Part II, Chap. 3.1 and Part II, Chap. 3.2

  1. Adrichem Boogaert HA van (1965) Conodont-bearing formations of Devonian and Lower Carboniferous age in northern Leon and Palencia (Spain). Leidse Geol Meded 31: 165–178Google Scholar
  2. Adrichem Boogaert HA van (1967) Devonian and Lower Carboniferous conodonts of the Cantabrian Mountains (Spain) and their stratigraphie application. Leidse Geol Meded 39: 129–192Google Scholar
  3. Aller J (1986) La estructura del sector meridional de las unidades del Aramo y Cuenca Carbonifera Central. Principado de Asturias, Consejeria de Industria y Comercio, 180 ppGoogle Scholar
  4. Aller J, Bastida F, Brime C, Pérez Estaûn A (1987) Cleavage and its relation with metamorphic grade in the Cantabrian Zone ( Hercynian of north-west Spain ). Sci Geol Bull 40: 255–272Google Scholar
  5. Alonso JL ( 1982 a) Las discordancias progresivas de cobertera carbonifera de Ocejo de la Pena: testigos de la reactivacion de un pliegue del basamento por “flexural slip” ( Cordillera Cantâbrica ). Bol Geol Min XCIII: 214–225Google Scholar
  6. Alonso JL (1987a) Estructura y evolucion tectonoestratigrâfica de la region del Manto del Esla, ( Zona Cantâbrica, NO de Espana). Diputacion Provincial de Leon. Inst Fray Bernardino de Sahagûn, 275 ppGoogle Scholar
  7. Alonso JL (1987b) Sequences of thrust and displacement in the superposed duplexes of the Esla Nappe Region (Cantabrian Zone, NW Spain). J Struct Geol 9 (8): 969–983CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Alonso JL, Rodriguez Fernández LR (1983) Las discordancias carboniferas de la Region del Pisuerga-Carrion (Cordillera Cantâbrica, NO de Espana). Significado orogénico. C R X Congr Int Strat Géol Carbonifère Madrid 1983, Inst Geol Min Esp, 3: 533–540Google Scholar
  9. Alvarez Marron J, Pérez Estaûn A (1988) Thin skinned tectonics in the Ponga Region (Cantabrian Zone, NW Spain). Geol Rundschau 77 (2): 539–550CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ambrose T (1974) The Lower Paleozoic rocks of northern Palencia. Breviora Geol Astûrica XVIII (4): 49–53Google Scholar
  11. Arboleya ML (1981) La estructura del Manto del Esla ( Cor- dillera Cantâbrica, Leon). Bol Geol Min XCII-(I ): 19–40Google Scholar
  12. Bastida F, Castro S (1988) Estructura de la prolongacion septentrional de la Escama de Tameza ( Zona Cantâbrica, NW Espana). Trab Geol 17: 67–85Google Scholar
  13. Bastida F, Marcos A, Arboleya ML, Mendez I (1976) La Unidad de Pena Corada y su relation con el Manto del Esla (Zona Cantâbrica, NW de Espana). Breviora Geol Astûrica XX (4): 49–55Google Scholar
  14. Bastida F, Marcos A, Pérez Estaûn A, Pulgar JA (1984) Geometria y evolucion estructural del Manto de Somiedo ( Zona Cantâbrica, NO Espana). Bol Geol Min XCV-(VI ): 517–53Google Scholar
  15. Boch W van den (1969) Geology of the Luna-Sil region. Cantabrian Mountains (NW Spain). Leidse Geol Meded 44: 137–225Google Scholar
  16. Boyer SE (1986) Styles of folding within thrust sheets: examples from the Appalachian and Rocky Mountains of the U. S. A. and Canada. J Struct Geol 8 (3/4): 325–339CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Brouwer A (1964) Deux facies dans le Devonien des Montagnes Cantabriques meridionales. Breviora Geol Astûrica, VIII (1/4): 3–10Google Scholar
  18. Brouwer A, Ginkel AC van (1964) La succesion carbonifére dans la partie méridionale des Montagnes Cantabriques ( Espagne du Nord-Ouest ). CR V Congr Strat Géol Carbonifère Paris, 1963: 307–319Google Scholar
  19. Budinger P, Kullman J (1984) Zur Frage von Sedimentationsunterbrechungen im Goniatiten und Conodonten führenden Oberdevon und Karbon des Kantabrischen Gebirges ( N Spanien ). Neues Jahrb Geol Paläontol Abh 7: 414–429Google Scholar
  20. Butler RWH (1982) The terminology of structures in thrust belts. J Struct Geol 4: 239–245Google Scholar
  21. Comte P (1959) Recherches sur les terrains anciens de la Cordillère Cantabrique. Mem Inst Geol Min Esp 60: 1–440Google Scholar
  22. Evers HJ (1967) Geology of the Leonides between the rivers Bernesga and Porma (Cantabrian Mountains, NW Spain). Leidse Geol Meded 41: 83–151Google Scholar
  23. Fanas P (1982) La estructura del sector central de los Picos de Europa. Trab Geol 12: 63–72Google Scholar
  24. Frankenfeld H (1983) El manto del Monto-Arauz: interpretacion estructural de la Region del Pisuerga-Carrion (Zona Cantâbrica, Espana): Trab Geol 13: 37–47Google Scholar
  25. Ginkel AC van (1965) Carboniferous fusulinids from the Cantabrian Mountains (Spain). Leidse Geol Meded 34: 1–225Google Scholar
  26. Graaf WJE van de (1971 a) The upper Carboniferous, limestone rich, high destructive, delta systems with submarine fan deposits. Cantabrian Mountains, Spain. Leidse Geol Meded 46: 157–215Google Scholar
  27. Graaf WJE van de (1971 b) The Piedrasluengas limestone, a possible model of limestone facies distribution in the Carboniferous of the Cantabrian Mountains. Trab Geol 3: 151–159Google Scholar
  28. Graaf WJE van de (1971 c) Facies distribution and basic configuration in the Pisuerga area before the Leonian phase. Trab Geol 3: 161–177Google Scholar
  29. Heward AP, Reading HG (1980) Deposits associated with a Hercynian to late Hercynian continental strike-slip system, Cantabrian Mountains, northern Spain. Spec Publ Int Assoc Sedimentol 4: 105–125Google Scholar
  30. Higgins AC (1971) Conodont biostratigraphy of the late Devonian–early Carboniferous rocks of the south-central Cantabrian Cordillera. Trab Geol 3: 179–192Google Scholar
  31. Higgins AC (1974) Conodont zonation of the lower Carboniferous of Spain and Portugal. Int Symp Belgian Micro-paleontological limits. Namur 1974: 4, 14Google Scholar
  32. Higgins AC, Wagner Gentis CHT, Wagner RH (1964) Basal Carboniferous strata in part of northern Leon, NW Spain. Stratigraphy, conodont and goniatite faunas. Bull Soc Belge Geol 72 (2): 205–248Google Scholar
  33. Ivaniw E (1985) The sedimentology of lower Cantabrian basin margin deposits in NE Leon, Spain. In: Sousa MJL, Wagner RH (eds) Papers on the Carboniferous of the Iberian Peninsula (sedimentology, stratigraphy, paleontology, tectonics and geochronology). An Fac Cienc Porto (Suppl) 64 (1983): 49–115Google Scholar
  34. Jordan H, Bless MJM (1970) Nota preliminar sobre los ostrâcodos de la Formacion Vegamiân. Breviora Geol Astürica LIV (4): 37–44Google Scholar
  35. Julivert M (1967a) La ventana tectonica del Rio Color y la prolongaciOn spetentrional del Manto del Ponga. Trab Geol 1: 1–26Google Scholar
  36. Julivert M (1967 b) La ventana de Rio Monasterio y la terminacion meridional del Manto del Ponga. Trab Geol 1: 59–76Google Scholar
  37. Julivert M (1971) Decollement tectonics in the Hercynian Cordillera of NW Spain. Am J Sci 270: 1–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Julivert M (1979) A cross-section through the northern part of the Iberian Massif: its position within the Hercynian fold belt. Krystallinikum 14: 51–67Google Scholar
  39. Julivert M (1981) A cross-section through the northern part of the Iberian Massif. Geol Minjbouw 60: 107–128Google Scholar
  40. Julivert M (1983) La estructura de la Zona Cantâbrica. In: Libro Jubilar JM Rios, Geologia de Espana. Inst Geol Min Esp 1: 339–380Google Scholar
  41. Julivert M, Arboleya ML (1986) Areal balancing and estimate of areal reduction in a thin skinned fold and thrust belt (Cantabrian Zone, NW Spain): constraints on its emplacement mechanism. J Struct Geol 8: 407–414CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Julivert M, Marcos A (1973) Superimposed folding under flexural conditions in the Cantabrian Zone ( Hercynian Cordillera, NW Spain). Am J Sci 273: 353–375Google Scholar
  43. Julivert M, Pello J, Fernandez Garcia L (1968) La estructura del Manto de Somiedo ( Cordillera Cantâbrica ). Trab Geol 2: 1–44Google Scholar
  44. Julivert M, Ramirez del Pozo J, Truyols J (1971) Le réseau de failles et la couberture post-hercynienne dans les Asturies. In: Histoire structurale du Golfe de Gascogne. Publications de l’Institute Francais du Pétrole. Editions Tech 2: V.3.1-V. 3. 34Google Scholar
  45. Julivert M, Marcos A, Pérez Estaün A (1977) La estructure de la chaîne hercynienne dans le secteur ibérique et l’arc Ibero-Armoricain. In: La Chaine Varisque d’Europe Moyenne et Occidentale. Coll Int Cent Nat Réch Sci Rennes 1974 (243): 429–440Google Scholar
  46. Kanis J (1956)) Geology of the eastern zone of the Sierra del Brezo (Palencia, Spain). Leidse Geol Meded 21: 377–446Google Scholar
  47. Koopmans BN (1962) The sedimentary and structural history of the Valsurvio Dome (Cantabrian Mountains, Spain). Leidse Geol Meded 26: 131–232Google Scholar
  48. Kullman J (1961) Die goniatiten des Unterkarbons im Kantabrischen Gebirge (Nordspanien): I. Stratigraphie und Paläontologie der U. O. Goniatitina HYATT. Neues Jahrb Geol Paläontol Abh 113 (3): 219–326Google Scholar
  49. Kullman J (1963) Las series Devonicas y del Carbonifero inferior con ammonoideos de la Cordillera Cantâbrica. Estud Geol XIX: 161–169Google Scholar
  50. Kullman J, Schönenberg R (1975) Geodynamische und Paläokologische Entwicklung im Kantabrischen Variszikum (Nordspanien). Ein Interdisziplinares Arbeitskonzept. Neues Jahrb Geol Paläontol Abh 13: 151–166Google Scholar
  51. Lobato L (1977) Geologia de los valles altos de los rios Esla, Yuso, Carrion y Deva (Cordillera Cantâbrica). DiputaciOn Provincial de Leon. Instituto Fray Bernardino de Sahagfin (CSIC), 200 ppGoogle Scholar
  52. Loon AJ van (1970) Grading of matrix and pebble characteristic in syntectonic pebbly mudstone and associated conglomerates, with examples from the Carboniferous of northern Spain. Geol Mijnbouw 49 (1): 41–56Google Scholar
  53. Loon AJ van (1971) The stratigraphy of the Westphalian C around Prioro (prov. Leon, Spain). Trab Geol 3 (I): 231–266Google Scholar
  54. Loon AJ van (1972) A prograding deltaic complex in the Upper Carboniferous of the Cantabrian Mountains (Spain): the Prioro-Tejerina basin. Leidse Geol Meded 48: 1–81Google Scholar
  55. Lotze F (1945) Zur Gliederung der varisziden der Iberischen Mesetas. Geotekt Forsch 6: 78–92 ( Translation in: Publicaciones Extrajeras sobre Geologia de Espana V: 149–166Google Scholar
  56. Maas K (1974) The geology of Liébana, Cantabrian Mountains. Depositions and deformation in a flysch area. Leidse Geol Meded 49: 379–465Google Scholar
  57. Maas K, Ginkel AC van (1983) Variscan olistotrome deposition and synsedimentary nappe emplacement, Valdeon Area, Cantabrian Mountains Spain. Leidse Geol Meded 52 (2): 341–381Google Scholar
  58. Marcos A (1968 a) La tectonica de la unidad de la Sobia-Bodon. Trab Geol 2: 59–84Google Scholar
  59. Marcos A (1968b) Nota sobre el significado de la “Leon Line”. Breviora Geol Astnrica 7: 1–5Google Scholar
  60. Marcos A (1979) Facies differentiation caused by wrench deformation along a deep-seated fault system (Leon line, Cantabrian Mountains, north Spain). Discussion. Tectonophysics 60: 303–308CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Marcos A, Marquinez J (1984) La estructura de la Unidad Gildar-MontO (Cordillera Cantabrica) Trab Geol 14: 53–64Google Scholar
  62. Marcos A, Pulgar JA (1982) An approach to the tectonostratigraphic evolution of the Cantabrian Foreland thrust and fold belt, Hercynian Cordillera of NW Spain. Neues Jahrb Geol Paläontol Abh 163 (2): 256–260Google Scholar
  63. Marquinez J (1978) Estudio geolOgico del sector SE de los Pi-cos de Europa (Cordillera Cantabrica, NW de Espana). Trab Geol 10: 295–31. 5Google Scholar
  64. Marquinez J (1978) Estudio geolOgico del sector SE de los Pi-cos de Europa (Cordillera Cantabrica, NW de Espana). Trab Geol 10: 295–31. 5Google Scholar
  65. Marginez J, Marcos A (1984) La estructura de la Unidad de Gildar-Monto ( Cordillera Cantabrica ). Trab Geol 14: 53–64Google Scholar
  66. Martinez Garcia E (1981) El Paleozoico de la Zona Cantabri- ca Oriental (Noroeste de Espana). Trab Geol 11: 95–127Google Scholar
  67. Martinez Garcia E, Rodriguez Fernandez LR (1984) Mapa Geologico de Espana E. 1:50000, 2. Serie (MAGNA). Ho-ja 56 ( Carrera-Cabrales). Inst Geol Min Esp, MadridGoogle Scholar
  68. Pérez Estann A, Bastida F, Alonso JL et al. (1988) A thin-skinned tectonics model for an arcuate fold and thrust belt: the Cantabrian Zone (Variscan Ibero-Armorican Arc). Tectonics 7 (3): 517–537CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. Perroud H (1982) Contribution a l’étude paleomagnetique de l’arc Ibero-Armoricain. Bull Soc Geol Mineral Bretagne Ser C 15: 1–1114Google Scholar
  70. Pluijm BA van der, Kaars-Sijpestijn CH (1984) Chlorite-mica aggregates: morphology, orientation, development and bearing on cleavage formation in very low-grade rocks. J Struct Geol 6: 399–407CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. Raven JGM, Pluijm BA van der (1986) Metamorphic fluids and transtension in the Cantabrian Mountains of northern Spain: an application of the conodont colour alteration index. Geol Mag 123 (6): 673–681CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  72. Reuther CD (1977) Das Namur im südlichen Kantabrischen Gebirge (Nordspanien). Krustenbewegungen und Faziesdifferenzierung im Übergang Geosynklinale-Orogen. Clausth Geol Abh 28: 122 ppGoogle Scholar
  73. Reuther CD (1979) Tektonik und Oberkarbonische Faziesentwicklung des westlichen Valderrueda-Beckens und seiner Umrandung südliches Kantabrisches Gebirge, Nordspanien. Clausth Geol Abh 30: 45–61Google Scholar
  74. Reuther CD (1982) The Lower Carboniferous facies levelling and the first Upper Carboniferous tectonic events in the Cantabrian Mountains and the Pyrenees (Spain). A comparison. Neues Jahrb Geol Paläontol Abh 163 (2): 244–249Google Scholar
  75. Ries AC, Richardson A, Shackleton (1980) Rotation of the Iberian arc: palaeomagnetic results from north Spain. Earth Planet Sci Lett 70: 301–210Google Scholar
  76. Rodriiguez Fernandez LR (1983) Evolucion estructural de la Zona Cantabrica durante el Carbonifero. In: Martinez Diaz C (coord) Carbonifero y Pérmico de Espana. Inst Geol Min Esp, pp 151–162Google Scholar
  77. Rodriguez Fernández LR, Heredia N, Lobato L, Velando F (1985) Memoria de la Hoja del Mapa Geologico Nacional a escala 1:50000, 2. Serie (MAGNA) n° 106 ( Camporredondo de Alba). Inst Geol Min Esp, MadridGoogle Scholar
  78. Rodriguez Fernandez LR, Heredia N, Navarro D et al. (1986) Mapa Geologico Nacional E. 1:50000,2. Serie (MAGNA) Hoja 82 ( Tudanca). Inst Geol Min Esp, MadridGoogle Scholar
  79. Rodriguez Fernández LR, Heredia N (1987) La estratigrafia del Carbonifero y la estructura de la Region del PisuergaCarriOn. Cuad Lab Xeol Laxe 12: 207–229Google Scholar
  80. Rupke J (1965) The Esla nappe, Cantabrian Mountains (Spain). Leidse Geol Meded 32: 1–74Google Scholar
  81. Sanchez de la Torre L, Agueda-Villar JA, Colmenero Navarro JR, Garcia-Ramos JC, Gonzalez Lastra J (1983) Evolucion sedimentaria y paleogeografica del Carbonifero de la Cordillera Cantabrica. In: Martinez Diaz (coord) Carbonifero y Pérmico de Espana. Inst Geol Min Esp, pp 133–150Google Scholar
  82. Savage JF (1967) Tectonic analysis of Lechada and Curavacas Synclines, Yuso Basin, Leon, NW Spain. Leidse Geol Meded 39: 193–246Google Scholar
  83. Savage JF (1979) The Hercynian orogeny in the Cantabrian Mountains. N Spain. Kristallinikum 14: 91–108Google Scholar
  84. Savage JF (1980) Geotectonic cross sections through the Cantabrian Mountains, northern Spain. Geol Mijnbouw 81: 35Google Scholar
  85. Schöler S (1982) Le Namurien et le Westphalien. A au Sud-est de la Cordillére Cantabrique. Neues Jahrb Geol Paläontol Abh 163 (2): 250–255Google Scholar
  86. Sitter LU de (1961) Establecimiento de las épocas de los movimientos tectonicos durante el Paleozoico en el cinturon meridional del OrOgeno Cantabro-astur. Not Comun Inst Geol Min Esp 61: 51–61Google Scholar
  87. Sjerp N (1967) The geology of the San Isidro-Porma area (Cantabrian Mountains, Spain). Leidse Geol Meded 39: 55–128Google Scholar
  88. Stockmans F, Williere Y (1965) Documents paléobotaniques pour l’etude du houiller dans le nord-ouest de l’Espagne. Mém Inst R Sci Natur Bélgique 2: 79Google Scholar
  89. Tosal JM (1968) Relaciones zOcalo-cobertera en el limite de las provincias de Oviedo y Santander. Breviora Geol Astnrica A 12: 9–14Google Scholar
  90. TruyOls J (1983) El Carbonifero de la Region de Pliegues y Mantos. En Carbonifero y Pérmico de Espana. Inst Geol Min Esp, pp 39–59Google Scholar
  91. Veen J van (1965) The tectonic and stratigraphic history of the Cardano area, Cantabrian Mountains, northwest Spain. Leidse Geol Meded 35: 45–104Google Scholar
  92. Wagner RH (1959) Flora fusil y estratigrafia del Carbonifero en Espana NW y Portugal N. Estud Geol XV: 398–420Google Scholar
  93. Wagner RH (1960) Middle Westphalian floras from northern Palencia (Spain) (in relation with the Curavacas phase of folding). Estud Geol XVI (2): 55–92Google Scholar
  94. Wagner RH (1964) Stephanian floras in NW Spain, with special reference to the Westphalian D–Stephanian A boundary. C R V Int Congr Strat Géol Carbonifère Paris 1963: 835–851Google Scholar
  95. Wagner RH (1965) Palaeobotanical dating of Upper Carboniferous folding phases in NW Spain. Mem Inst Geol Min Esp 66: 1–169Google Scholar
  96. Wagner RH (1970) An outline of the Carboniferous stratigraphy of north-western Spain. In: Streel M, Wagner RH (eds) Colloque sur la stratigraphie du Carbonifére ). Congr Coll Univ Liége 55: 429–463Google Scholar
  97. Wagner RH (1971) Carboniferous nappe structures in northwestern Palencia (Spain). Trab Geol 4: 431–459Google Scholar
  98. Wagner RH, Bowman MBJ (1983) The position of the Bashkirian-Moscovian boundary in West European chronostratigraphy. Newsl Stratigr 12 (3): 132–161Google Scholar
  99. Wagner RH, Martinez Garcia E (1974) The relation between geosynclinal folding phases and foreland movements in northwest Spain. Stud Geol VII: 131–158Google Scholar
  100. Wagner RH, Varker WJ (1971) The distribution and development of post-Leonian strata (Upper Westphalian D. Cantabrian, Stephanian A) in northern Palencia, Spain. The Carboniferous of northwest Spain. Trab Geol 4: 533–601Google Scholar
  101. Wagner RH, Wagner Gentis CHT (1963) Summary of the stratigraphy of Upper Paleozoic rocks in NE Palencia, Spain. Prod K Ned Akad Wetensch Amsterdam LXVI (3): 149–163Google Scholar
  102. Wagner RH, Winkler Prins CF (1979) The Lower Stephanian of Western Europe. CR VIII Congr Strat Géol Carbonifère Moscow 1975 (3): 11–140Google Scholar
  103. Wagner RH, Winkler Prins CF (1985) Stratotypes of the two lower Stephanian stages, Cantabrian and Barruelian. C R X Congr Int Strat Géol Carbonifère, Madrid, 1983, vol 4, Working Group No. 2, IUGS Subcommission on Carboniferous Stratigraphy, pp 473–483Google Scholar
  104. Wagner RH, Carballeira J, Aambrose T, Martinez Garcia E (1984) Mapa Geolbgico Nacional E. 1:50000, Hoja 107 (Barruelo de Santullân). Inst Geol Min Esp, Madrid, 113 ppGoogle Scholar
  105. Wagner RH, Park RK, Winkler Prins CF, Lys M (1977) The post-Leonian basin in Palencia: a report on the stratotype of the Cantabrian Stage. In: Holub VM, Wagner RH (eds) Symp Carboniferous stratigraphy. Geol Surv, Prague, pp 89–146Google Scholar
  106. Wagner Gentis CHT (1962) Visean and Lower Namurian faunas in NW Spain (resumé). Breviora Geol Astnrica VI (1–4): 83–84Google Scholar
  107. Wagner Gentis CHT (1980) Goniatites from the Visean-Namurian junction beds in Palencia, NW Spain. Scr Geol 55: 1–43Google Scholar
  108. Wagner Gentis CHT (1985) A possible Atokan goniatite fauna from basal Moscovian (Westphalian A) deposits at Piedrasluengas, NW Spain. Senckenb Lethaea 65 (4/6): 337–345Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Perez Estaun
  • F. Bastida
    • 1
  • L. R. Rodriguez Fernandez
  • N. Heredia
    • 2
  1. 1.Departamento de GeologíaUniversidad de OviedoOviedoSpain
  2. 2.Instituto Tecnológico GeoMinero de EspañaMadridSpain

Personalised recommendations