Skip to main content

Evolution Strategy: Nature’s Way of Optimization

  • Conference paper

Part of the Lecture Notes in Engineering book series (LNENG,volume 47)


Biological Evolution has done development work on animated matter for more than three billion years. The method used in this process is the equivalent of an astute optimization procedure which is proverable by the theory of Evolution Strategy.


  • Evolution Strategy
  • Step Width
  • Positive Mutation
  • Strong Causality
  • Gradient Path

These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD   84.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Softcover Book
USD   109.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Compact, lightweight edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Learn about institutional subscriptions


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  • Rechenberg, I., 1965: Cybernetic Solution Path of an Experimental Problem. Royal Aircraft Establishment, Library Translation 1122, Farnborough.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schwefel, H.-P., 1968: Experimentelle Optimierung einer Zweiphasendüse. Ber. 35 AEG Forsch. Inst. Proj. MHD-Staustrahlrohr, (Nr.l 1034/68), Berlin.

    Google Scholar 

  • Rechenberg, I., 1973: Evolutionsstrategie-Optimierung technischer Systeme nach Prinzipien der biologischen Evolution. Frommann-Holzboog, Stuttgart.

    Google Scholar 

  • Höfler, A., Leißner, U., Wiedemann, J.,1973: Optimization of the Layout of Trusses Combining Strategies Based on Michell’s Theorem and on the Biological Principles of Evolution. AGARD Conf. Proc. 123, A1-A8, 2nd Symp. on Structural Optimization, Milan Italy.

    Google Scholar 

  • Schwefel, H.-P.,1977: Numerische Optimierung von Computer-Modellen mittels der Evolutionsstrategie. Birkhäuser, Basel und Stuttgart.

    MATH  Google Scholar 

  • Rechenberg, I., 1984: The Evolution Strategy-a Mathematical Model of Darwinian Evolution. In: Synergetics-From Microscopic to Macroscopic Order. Springer Series in Synergetics, 22, Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 1989 Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg

About this paper

Cite this paper

Rechenberg, I. (1989). Evolution Strategy: Nature’s Way of Optimization. In: Bergmann, H.W. (eds) Optimization: Methods and Applications, Possibilities and Limitations. Lecture Notes in Engineering, vol 47. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-540-51257-8

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-642-83814-9

  • eBook Packages: Springer Book Archive