Advertisement

Particle Image Velocimetry

  • L. M. Lourenco
  • A. Krothapalli
  • C. A. Smith
Part of the Lecture Notes in Engineering book series (LNENG, volume 45)

Abstract

One of the most challenging and time-consuming problems in experimental fluid mechanics is the measurement of the overall flow field properties, such as the velocity, vorticity, and pressure fields. Local measurements of the velocity field (i.e., at individual points) are now done routinely in many experiments using hot-wire (HW) or laser velocimetry (LV). However, many of the flow fields of current interest, such as coherent structures in shear flows or wake flows, are highly unsteady. HW or LV data of such flows are difficult to interpret, as both spatial and temporal information of the entire flow field are required and these methods are commonly limited to simultaneous measurements at only a few spatial locations.

Keywords

Flow Field Particle Image Velocimetry Circular Cylinder Particle Image Fringe Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adrian, R.J.;“An Image Shifting Technique to Resolve Directional Ambiguity in Double-Pulsed Laser Velocimetry”, Appl. Ont., vol 25, pp 3855–3858, 1986.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  2. Becker, H.A. and Massaro, T.A.;“Vortex Evolution in a Round Jet”, J. Fluid Mech., vol 31, pp 435–448, 1968.Google Scholar
  3. Born, M. and Wolf, E.; Principles of Optics Pergamon Press, 1980.Google Scholar
  4. Bouard, R. and Coutanceau, M.;“The Early State of Development of the Wake Behind an Impulsively Started Cylinder for 40 < Re < 104,J. Fluid Mech., vol. 101, pp 583–607, 1980.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Bouchard, E.E. and Reynolds, W.C.;“The Structure and Growth of the Mixing Layer Region of a Round Jet”, Rept. TF-17, Thermosciences Division, Dept. of Mech. Engrg., Stanford Univ., 1982.Google Scholar
  6. Collicott, S.H. and Hesselink, L.;“Anamorphic Optical Processing of Laser Speckle Anemometer Data”, Bull. Amer. Phys. Soc, vol 30, pg 1728, 1985.Google Scholar
  7. Collier, R.J., Burckhardt, C.B., and Lin, L.H.; Optical Holocranhy, Academic Press, New York, 1971.Google Scholar
  8. Dimotakis, P.E., Debussy, F.D., and Koochesfahani, M.M.;“Particle Streak Velocity Field Measurements in a Two-Dimensional Mixing Layer”, Phys. Fluida, vol 24, pp 995–999, 1981.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. Elkins, R.E.,III, Jackman, G.R., Johnson, R.R., Lindgren, E.R., and Yoo, J.K.;“Evaluation of Stereoscopic Trace Particle Records of Turbulent Flow Fields”, Rev. Sci. Instrum., vol 48, pp 738–746, 1977.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  10. Erf, R.K.;“Application of Laser Speckle to Measurement”, in Laser Applications, vol 4, ed. by Goodman, J.W. and Ross, M., Adademic Press, New York, 1980.Google Scholar
  11. Frish, M.B. and Webb, W.W.;“Direct Measurement of Vorticity by Optical Probe”, J. Fluid Mech., vol 197, pp 173–200, 1981.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  12. Gauthier, V. and Riethmuller, M.L.;“Application of PIDV to Complex Flow:Measurement of the Third Component”, VKI Lecture Series on Particle Image Displacement Velocimetry, Brussels, Mar. 1988.Google Scholar
  13. Gharib, M., Dyne, B., Thomas, O., and Yap, C.;“Flow Velocity Measurements by Image Processing of Optically Modulated Traces”, AGARD CP-413, 1987.Google Scholar
  14. Ho, C.M.;“An Alternative Look at the Unsteady Separation Phenomenon”, Recent Advances in Aerodynamics. ed. by A.Krothapalli and C.A.Smith, Springer-Verlag, pp 165–178, 1986.Google Scholar
  15. Ho, C.M. and Gutmark, E.;“Vortex Induction and Mass Entrainment in a Small Aspect-Ratio Elliptic Jet”, J. Fluid Mech., vol 170, pg. 383, 1987.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  16. Honji,H. and Taneda,S.;“Unsteady Flow Past a Circular Cylinder”, J. Phy. Soc. of Japan, vol 27, pp 1668–1677, 1969.Google Scholar
  17. Kompenhans, J. and Hocker, R.;“Application of Particle Image Velocimetry to High Speed Flows”, VKI Lecture Series on Particle Image Displacement Velocimetry, Brussels, Mar. 1988.Google Scholar
  18. Krothapalli, A. Baganoff, D. and Karamcheti, K.;“On the Mixing of a Rectangular Jet”, J. Fluid Mech., vol. 107, pg 201, 1981.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  19. Landreth, C.C., Adrian, R.J., and Yao, C.-S.;“Double Pulsed Particle Image Velocimeter with Directional Resolution for Complex Flows”, Experiments in Fluids, vol 6, pp 119–128, 1988.ADSGoogle Scholar
  20. Loc,T.P.;“Numerical Analysis of Unsteady Secondary Vortices Generated by an Impulsively Started Circular Cylinder”, J. Fluid Mech., vol. 100, pp 111–128, 1980.Google Scholar
  21. Lourenco, L.;“The Fundamentals and Application of Particle Image Displacement Velocimetry”, von Karman Institute Lecture Series, Belgium, 1986.Google Scholar
  22. Krothapalli, A. Baganoff, D. and Karamcheti, K.;“On the Mixing of a Rectangular Jet”, J. Fluid Mech., vol. 107, pg 201, 1981.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  23. Lourenco, L.M., Krothapalli, A., Buchlin, J.M., and Riethmuller, M.I.;“A Non-Invasive Experimental Technique for the Measurement of Unsteady Velocity and Vorticity Fields”, Aerodynamic and Related Hydrodynamic Studies Using Water Facilities, AGARD CP-413, paper 23, Monterey, CA, 1986.Google Scholar
  24. Lourenco, L.M. and Krothapalli, A.;“The Role of Photographic Parameters in Laser Speckle or Particle Image Displacement Velocimetry”, Experiments in Fluids, vol 5, pg 29–32, 1987.ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. Lourenco, L.M. and Krothapalli,A;“Instantaneous Velocity Field Measurements of a Turbulent Rectangular Jet (AR = 4) Using Particle Image Displacement Velocimetry”, AIAA paper 88–0498, 26th Aerospace Sciences Meeting, Reno, Jan. 1988.Google Scholar
  26. Loc,T.P.;“Numerical Analysis of Unsteady Secondary Vortices Generated by an Impulsively Started Circular Cylinder”, J. Fluid Mech., vol. 100, pp 111–128, 1980.Google Scholar
  27. Lourenco, L., Krothapalli, A., and Smith, C.A.;“On the Instability of a Rectangular Jet”, Intl. Symp. on Laser Velocimetry, Lisbon, Portugal, July 1988.Google Scholar
  28. Lourenco, L. and Whiffen, M.C.;“Laser Speckle Methods in Fluid Dynamics Applications”, Proc. Intl. Symp. on Appl. of Laser Anemometry of Fluid Mechanics, Lisbon, 1984.Google Scholar
  29. Meynart, R.;“Equal Velocity Fringes in a Rayleigh-Benard Flow by the Speckle Method”, Appl. Opt, vol 19, pg 1385, 1980.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. Prandtl, L., J. Roy. Aero. Soc., vol. 31, pg. 730, 1927.Google Scholar
  31. Simpkins, P.G. and Dudderar, T.D.;“Laser Speckle Measurement of Transient Benard Convection”, J. Fluid Mech., vol 89, pp 665–671, 1978.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  32. Smith, C.A., Lourenco, L.M.M., and Krothapalli, A.;“The Development of Laser Speckle Velocimetry for the Measurement of Vortical Flow Fields”, AIAA paper 86–0768-CP, 14th Aerodynamic Testing Conf., West Palm Beach, Mar. 1986.Google Scholar
  33. Landreth, C.C., Adrian, R.J., and Yao, C.-S.;“Double Pulsed Particle Image Velocimeter with Directional Resolution for Complex Flows”, Experiments in Fluids, vol 6, pp 119–128, 1988.ADSGoogle Scholar
  34. Van Dommelen,L.L.;“Unsteady Boundary Layer Separation”, Ph.D. Thesis, Cornell University, 1981.Google Scholar
  35. Yao, C.-S. and Adrian, R.J.;“Orthogonal Compression and 1-D Analysis Technique for Measurement of 2-D Particle Displacements in Pulsed Laser Velocimetry”, Appl. Opt., vol 23, pp 1687–1689, 1984.CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. M. Lourenco
  • A. Krothapalli
  • C. A. Smith

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations