The Paramyxoviruses and Orthomyxoviruses
Paramyxoviruses are responsible for a number of serious diseases of humans and animals (mumps, measles, parainfluenza, Newcastle disease, distemper, rinderpest). Newcastle disease virus (NDV) is found in flocks of birds throughout most of the world. Virulent strains are lethal, especially those that replicate in and destroy the host tissues needed for immunologic response. Other paramyxoviruses are associated primarily with respiratory tract infections in animals. The paramyxoviridae share with the orthomyxoviridae their affinity for the sialic acid of cell surface glycoproteins used as receptors (Fraenkel-Conrat et at., 1988). Table 1 compares the paramyxo- and orthomyxoviruses (Kingsbury, 1985).
KeywordsSialic Acid Newcastle Disease Virus Chinook Salmon Cell Surface Glycoprotein Oncorhynchus Tshawytscha
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Fraenkel-Conrat H, Kimball PC, Levy JA (1988) Virology Prentice Hall 440 pgsGoogle Scholar
- Kingsbury DW (1985) Orthomyxo-and paramyxoviruses and their replication. In: Virology Fields BN, Editor Raven Press pp 1157–1177Google Scholar
- Miyazaki T, Fujiwara K, Kobara J, Matsumoto N (1988) Histopathological studies on two viral diseases of larvae and juvenile; epidermal necrosis of Japanese flounder and epithelial necrosis of Black Sea Bream. Fish Health Section International Fish Health Conference Vancouver B.C. Canada July 19-21 p 162Google Scholar
- Neukirch M (1985) Isolation of a orthomyxovirus-like agent from European eel (Anguilla anguilla). Bul EAFP 5(1): 12–13Google Scholar