Effects of Facial Deformities and Physical Attractiveness on Mother-Infant Bonding

  • Marcy Rogers-Salyer
  • A. Gayle Jensen
  • R. Christopher Barden


The importance of the early relationship between a mother and child on the child’s subsequent personality development was described by Freud as early as 1948 (cited in Bass 1982). Subsequent research studies indicate that the quality of the attachment process between mothers and infants is an important predictor of later psychosocial adjustment and social competence in childhood (Shaffer 1979; Sroufe and Waters 1977; and Chibucos and Kail 1981). Stress has been shown to influence maternal sensitivity to infant cues (Crnic et al. 1983 a) as well as infant responsiveness to the mother. Preliminary work also suggests that the attractiveness of the infant may play a role in the quality of the attachment or bonding process (Langlois and Sawin 1981). If normal differences in physical attractiveness affect the mother-child interactions, the presence of a craniofacial deformity can be expected to exert a very powerful influence on the bonding process.


Bonding Process Physical Attractiveness Normal Infant Maternal Sensitivity Facial Deformity 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marcy Rogers-Salyer
  • A. Gayle Jensen
  • R. Christopher Barden
    • 1
  1. 1.DallasUSA

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