Three-Dimensional Computed Tomographic Reformation in Facial Skeletal Surgery: High Technology in Search of a Clinical Application?

  • S. Anthony Wolfe
  • Donald Altman
  • Nolan Altman
Conference paper


Are three-dimensional computed surface displays [1, 2], or 3D CT scans, going to revolutionize facial skeletal surgery overnight? Is this new technology going to completely alter the way we go about making diagnoses, planning operative procedures, and evaluating our results? Are our results going to be better because of this new technology? Or is this just another type of computer graphics game, in the genre of Star Wars or Space Invaders, which will provide dazzling images and hours of diversion for the craniofacial surgeon, who can even wear special glasses to see his images in true “stereoscopic” three dimensions [3], without substantially altering his approach to the planning, executions and evaluation of operative procedures?


Bone Graft Fibrous Dysplasia Orbital Roof Medial Orbital Wall Infraorbital Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Hemmy D, David DJ, Herman GT (1983) Three-dimensional reconstruction of craniofacial deformity using computed tomography. Neurosurgery 13: 534–551PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Vannier MW, Marsh JL, Warren JO (1984) Three-dimensional CT reconstruction images for craniofacial surface reconstruction. Radiology 150:179–184PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Herman GT, Vose WF, Gomori JM, Gefter WB (1985) Stereoscopic computed three-dimensional surface displays. Radiographics 5 (6): 825–852PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chen LS, Herman GT, Meyer CR, Reynolds RA, Udupa JK (1984) 3D83: an easy-to-use software program for three-dimensional display from computed tomograms. ProcSPIE 515: 309–316Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chen LS, Herman GT, Meyer CR, Udupa JK (1984) 3D98 — an easy-to-use software package for three-dimensional display of organs on the GE 9800 CT scanner. Radiology 153: P 305Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Anthony Wolfe
  • Donald Altman
  • Nolan Altman
    • 1
  1. 1.MiamiUSA

Personalised recommendations