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Mutualistic and Competitive Systems

  • Donald L. DeAngelis
  • Wilfred M. Post
  • Curtis C. Travis
Part of the Biomathematics book series (BIOMATHEMATICS, volume 15)

Abstract

The simplest and most obvious positive feedback interaction between species is mutualism. Direct interspecies mutualism can result from a multitude of interactions involving dispersal, shelter, nutrient cycling, energy provision and reproduction (Boucher et al., 1982; Faegri and Van der Pijl, 1966; Heinrich and Raven, 1972; Muscatine and Porter, 1977; Whittaker, 1975; Howe, 1977; Temple, 1977). Mutualistic interactions also arise when mutualists mediate competitive or predator-prey interactions (Wright, 1973; Janzen, 1969; Addicot, 1979; Messina, 1981; Osman and Haugsness, 1981; Heithaus et al., 1980).

Keywords

Equilibrium Point Mutualistic Interaction Interaction Matrix Extrafloral Nectary Obligate Mutualism 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donald L. DeAngelis
    • 1
  • Wilfred M. Post
    • 1
  • Curtis C. Travis
    • 1
  1. 1.Oak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA

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