• B. A. Larkins
Part of the Modern Methods of Plant Analysis book series (MOLMETHPLANT, volume 1)


Ribosomes convert the information encoded in the nucleotide sequence of mRNA into the amino acid sequence of a protein. The translational mechanism by which this occurs involves a number of biochemical reactions (Weeks 1981). Initially, ribosomal subunits and methionyl-tRNA bind to the mRNA (initiation). This is followed by sequential “reading” of nucleotide triplets and addition of the corresponding amino acids into a nascent polypeptide (elongation). After the ribosome traverses the protein-coding region of the mRNA, it reaches a “stop” codon, which directs release of the ribosome and discharge of the completed polypeptide (termination).


Polysome Profile Free Polysome Postmitochondrial Supernatant Free Polyribosome Inhibit RNase Activity 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

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  • B. A. Larkins

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