The Gauge Argument for Accurate Quantization of the Hall Conductance

  • R. B. Laughlin
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 53)


In this paper I review my theory [1] of the Ordinary Quantum Hall Effect which identifies the quantum measured in these experiments as the electron charge. This concept is important for understanding why the effect is so accurate, and also for understanding why fractionally charged quasiparticles need be invoked to explain the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect. The vehicle for making this identification is a thought experiment which I shall motivate and describe in detail.


Fermi Level Thought Experiment Landau Level Surface Charge Density Normal Metal 
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    R.B. LAUGHLIN: Phys. Rev. B23, 5632 (1981).Google Scholar
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    K. von KLITZING, G. DORDA and M. PEPPER: Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 494 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    H. AOKI and T. ANDO: Solid State Comm. 38, 1079 (1981); references may also be found in Surf. Sci. 113, 27 (1981).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    R.E. PRANGE: Phys. Rev. B23, 4802 (1981).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. B. Laughlin
    • 1
  1. 1.Lawrence Livermore National LaboratoryLivermoreUSA

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