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Non-Cold-Adapted Metabolism in the Decapod Chorismus antarcticus and Other Sub-Antarctic Marine Crustaceans

  • J. G. H. Maxwell
  • R. Ralph

Summary

A study on the metabolic rate of the Antarctic decapod Chorismus antarcticus, determined by oxygen consumption rate, indicated the absence of “cold-adapted” metabolism. Experiments were carried out under a number of temperature regimes, and the influence that experimental technique could have on the results was examined. The oxygen consumption rate was compared with that of temperate decapods, and the low level of metabolic activity of C. antarcticus and other Antarctic benthic invertebrates, at their normal environmental temperature was confirmed. This finding supports the observation that metabolism at low ambient temperatures is commonly at a level expected empirically from the temperature dependent behaviour of physico-chemical reaction rates. This physiological behaviour of C. antarcticus is coupled with a life-history indicative of a K-selection strategy which is an evolutionary trend observed among a number of Antarctic marine species.

Keywords

Oxygen Consumption Oxygen Consumption Rate Cold Adaptation Antarctic Fish Banana Prawn 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. G. H. Maxwell
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. Ralph
    • 1
  1. 1.Aberdeen University Marine Studies Ltd., Department of ZoologyUniversity of AberdeenAberdeenScotland
  2. 2.British Antarctic SurveyCambridgeGreat Britain

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