Magnetism in Amorphous Metallic Glasses

  • J. J. Rhyne
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 48)


Magnetism in metallic systems lacking translational invariance is a relatively new field of physics and one of intense interest both theoretically and experimentally at the present time. This subject encompasses both materials which are crystalline, but possess disorder phenomena in the magnetic spin system due to a random distribution of magnetic ions in a non-magnetic host lattice, and those materials which are amorphous, exhibiting both atomic and magnetic disorder effects due to topology. Both types of systems exhibit many similar and some distinct magnetic properties. These lectures will be concerned only with metallic systems and materials which are truly amorphous in atomic structure. Disordered crystalline systems are discussed in other lectures in the series, in particular that on spin glasses [1].


Amorphous Alloy Spin Glass Spin Wave Hyperfine Field Spin Glass State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    “Spin Glasses: Irreversibility, Metastability, and the Free Energy Surface,” G. S. Grest, C. M. Soukoulis, and K. Levin: (this volume).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Brenner, D. E. Couch, and E. K. Williams: J. Res. Natl. Bur. Stand 44, 109 (1950).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    A. I. Gubanov: Fiz. Tver. Tela 2, 502 (1960).MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    P. Duwez, R. H. Willens, W. Clement: J. Appl. Phys. 31, 1136 (1960).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    See U. Gonzer: “Amorphous Metals: General Introduction” in Application of Nuclear Techniques to the Study of Amorphous Metals, U. Gonzer, ed., Atomic Energy Review, Suppl. #1, Intl. Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Chapt. 1, pp 5–25 (1981).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Glassy Metals: Magnetic, Chemical, and Structural Properties, R. Hasegawa, ed., CRC Press, New York (to be published in 1983).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Glassy Metals I, edited by H. J. Guntherodt and H. Beck, Springer Verlag, Berlin (1981).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Published yearly as a special issue of the Journal of Applied Physics.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Published in the Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials: 15–18 (1980), and 31–34 (1983).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    for example Amorphous Magnetism II: edited by R. A. Levy and R. Hasegawa, Plenum Publishing, New York (1977).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    H. S. Chen: Rep. Prog. Phys. 43., 353 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. J. Gilman: “Metallic Glasses,” Science 208, 856 (1980).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    G. S. Cargill: IBM Research Rept. RC7569 [#32579], (1979).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. S. Cargill: “Structure of Metallic Alloy Glasses,” Solid State Physics, 30, edited by Seitz, Turnbull, and Ehrenreich, Academic Press, New York, pp. 227–289 (1975).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    C. N. J. Wagner: J. Non-Cryst. Solids 31, 1 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    P. D’Antonio, J. H. Konnert, J. J. Rhyne, and C. R. Hubbard: J. Appl. Cryst. 15, 452 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    P. Lamparter, E. Nold, G. Rainer-Harbach, E. Grallath, and S. Steeb: Z. Naturforsch. 36A, 165 (1981).ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    K. Handrich: Phys. Stat. Solidi 32., K55 (1969).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Kobe: Phys. Status Solidi 41 K13 (1970).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    S. Kobe and K. Handrich: Sov. Phys.-Solid State13, 734 (1971).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    C. L. Chien and R. Hasegawa: Phys. Rev. B 16, 2115 (1977); Phys. Rev. B 16, 3024 (1977).ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    M. A. Manheimer, S. M. Bhagat, and H. S. Chen: J. Mag. and Mag. Matls (to be published in 1983).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    C. L. Chien, D. Musser, F. E. Luborsky and J. L. Walter: J. Phys. F 8, 1 (1978).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    J. D. Axe, G. Shirane, T. Mizoguchi, and K. Yamauchi: Phys. Rev. B 15, 2763 (1977).ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. A. Tarvin, G. Shirane, R. J. Birgeneau, and H. S. Chen: Phys. Rev. B 17 241 (1978).ADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    see H. E. Stanley: Introduction to Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena, Oxford Univ. Press, London (1971).Google Scholar
  27. 26a.
    F. Mezei: Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1096 (1982).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 27.
    R. J. Birgeneau, J. A. Tarvin, G. Shirane, E. M. Gyorgy, R. C. Sherwood, H. S. Chen, and C. L. Chien: Phys. Rev. 18, 2192 (1978).ADSGoogle Scholar
  29. 28.
    J. W. Lynn, G. Shirane, R. J. Birgeneau, and H. S. Chen: AIP Conf. Proc. 34, 313 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 28a.
    J. J. Rhyne, J. W. Lynn, F. E. Luborsky, and J. L. Walter: J. Appl. Phys. 50, 1583 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 29.
    S. F. Edwards and P. W. Anderson: J. Phys. F 5, 965 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 30.
    D. Sherrington and S. Kirkpatrick: Phys. Rev. Lett. 35, 1792 (1975); Phys. Rev. B 17, 4384 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 31.
    M. Gabay and G. Toulouse: Phys. Rev. Lett. 47, 201 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 32.
    M. A. Manheimer, S. M. Bhagat, and H. S. Chen: Phys. Rev. B 26, 456 (1982).ADSGoogle Scholar
  35. 33.
    S. M. Bhagat, J. A. Geohegan, and M. L. Spano: J. Appl. Phys. 52 1741 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 34.
    J. A. Geohegan and S. M. Bhagat: J. Mag. Magn. Matls. 25, 17 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 35.
    J. W. Lynn. R. W. Erwin, H. S. Chen, and J. J. Rhyne: Solid State Commun. 46, 317 (1983); J. W. Lynn, R. W. Erwin, J. J. Rhyne, and H. S. Chen: J. Appl. Phys. 52, 1738 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 35a.
    S. M. Bhagat (to be published).Google Scholar
  39. 36.
    K. H. J. Buchow and P. G. von Engen: J. Appl. Phys. 52, 3557 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. 37.
    C. L. Chien and K. M. Unruh: Phys. Rev. 25, 5790 (1982).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 37a.
    D. J. Webb and S. M. Bhagat: Solid State Commun. 43, 239 (1982), and to be published.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 38.
    R. Hasegawa and R. Ray: J. Appl. Phys. 49, 4174 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 39.
    R. Hasegawa and R. Ray: Phys. Rev B 20, 211 (1979).ADSGoogle Scholar
  44. 40.
    K. Fukamichi, T. Masumoto, and M. Kikuchi: IEEE Trans, on Magnetics MAG-15, 1404 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 41.
    S. Hatta and T. Egami: J. Appl. Phys. 50, 1589 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 42.
    M. Matsuura, U. Mizutani, and Y. Yazawa: J. Phys. F 11, 1393 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. 43.
    C. L. Chien, D. Musser, E. M. Gyorgy, R. C. Sherwood, H. S. Chen, F. E. Luborsky, and J. L. Walter; Phys. Rev. B 20, 283 (1979).ADSGoogle Scholar
  48. 44.
    J. J. Rhyne, G. E. Fish, and J. W. Lynn: J. Appl. Phys. 53, 2316 (1982).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 45.
    Y. Ishikawa, K. Yamada, K. Tajima, and K. Fukamichi: J. Phys. Soc. (Japan) 50, 1958 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 46.
    E. Babic, Z. Marchnic, and E. P. Wohlfarth: Phys. Lett. 95A, 335 (1983).ADSGoogle Scholar
  51. 47.
    G. R. Gruzalski, J. D. Patterson, and D. J. Sellmyer: J. Appl. Phys. 49., 1696 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 48.
    R. W. Cochrane, R. Harris, and M. J. Zuckermann: Phys. Rep. 48, 1 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 49.
    J. J. Rhyne: Handbook on the Physics and Chemistry of Rare Earths, eds. K. A. Gschneidner and L. Eyring, North Holland, Amsterdam, vol. 2, Chapt. 16 (1977).Google Scholar
  54. 50.
    J. M. D. Coey: J. Appl. Phys. 49, 1646 (1978).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 51.
    R. Harris, M. Plischke, and M. J. Zuckermann: Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 160 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. 52.
    S. J. Pickart, J. J. Rhyne, and H. A. Alperin: Phys. Rev. Lett. 33, 424 (1974).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. 53.
    see E. Pytte: Ordering in Strongly Fluctuating Condenses Matter Systems, ed. T. Riste, Plenum Press, New York, pp. 445 (1979); and references therein for a review of the theory.Google Scholar
  58. 54.
    Y. Imry and S. K. Ma: Phys. Rev. Lett. 35, 1399 (1975).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 55.
    A. Aharony and E. Pytte: Phys. Rev. B 27, 5872 (1983).ADSGoogle Scholar
  60. 56.
    D. J. Sellmyer and M. J. O’Shea: J. Less-Common Metis, (to be published in 1983).Google Scholar
  61. 57.
    J. M. D. Coey, T. R. McGuire, and B. Tissier: Phys. Rev. 24, 1261 (1981).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 58.
    S. von Molnar, T. R. McGuire, and R. J. Gambino: J. Appl. Phys. 53, 7666 (1982).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 59.
    J. J. Rhyne, J. H. Schelleng, and N. C. Koon: Phys. Rev. B 10, 4672 (1974).ADSGoogle Scholar
  64. 59a.
    D. W. Forester, R. Abbundi, R. Segnan, and D. Sweger: AIP Conf. Proc. Series 24, 115 (1975); D. W. Forester: AIP Conf. Proc. Series 31, 384 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 60.
    J. J. Rhyne and C. J. Glinka: (to be published).Google Scholar
  66. 61.
    R. J. Birgeneau, H. Yoshizawa, R. A. Cowley, G. Shirane, and H. Ikeda: Phys. Rev. B 28, 1438 (1983).ADSGoogle Scholar
  67. 62.
    M. C. Chi and T. Egami : J. Appl. Phys. 50, 1651 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  68. 63.
    D. W. Forrester, N. C. Koon, J. H. Schelleng, and J. J. Rhyne: J. Appl. Phys. 50, 7336 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  69. 64.
    A. E. Clark: Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 642 (1973).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 65.
    M. C. Chi and R. Alben: AIP Conf. Proc. Series 34, 316 (1976).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  71. 66.
    E. Callen, Y. J. Liu, and J. R. Cullen: Phys. Rev. B16, 263 (1977).ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. J. Rhyne
    • 1
  1. 1.National Measurements LaboratoryNational Bureau of StandartsUSA

Personalised recommendations