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Introduction

  • Frederick F. Holmes
Part of the Recent Results in Cancer Research book series (RECENTCANCER, volume 87)

Abstract

The life of a human being is finite, and all humans age (see Fries 1980). It is difficult to separate the effects of disease on organs and tissues from those expected of aging. This is particularly true for vascular and degenerative processes, for which there are no clear boundaries between aging and disease. Morbidity and mortality from heart disease and stroke are probably due both to disease and to changes of aging. For cancer, the second leading cause of death in America, the situation is quite different; cancer is clearly a disease and is not a change expected with aging.

Keywords

Pancreatic Cancer Cervical Cancer Thyroid Cancer Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Life Table 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Berkson J, Gage RP (1950) Calculation of survival rates for cancer. Proc Staff Meet Mayo Clinic 25:270–286Google Scholar
  2. Fries JF (1980) Aging, natural death and the compression of morbidity. N Engl J Med 303:130–135PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Greville TNE (1975) Kansas state life tables: 1969–1971, vol 2, no 17. National Center for Health Statistics, Washington DC (DHEW publication no 75-1151)Google Scholar
  4. Holmes FF, Hearne EM (1981) Cancer stage-to-age relationship. J Am Geriatr Soc 29:55–57PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Young JL, Percy CL, Asire AJ (1981) Surveillance, epidemiology and end-results: incidence and mortality data 1973–1977. Nat Cancer Inst Monogr 57 (NIH publication no 81-2330)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frederick F. Holmes
    • 1
  1. 1.Medicine and Gerontology School of MedicineThe University of Kansas Medical CenterKansas CityUSA

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