Advertisement

Hyperfine Interaction Studies in Nuclear Physics

Chapter
  • 100 Downloads
Part of the Topics in Current Physics book series (TCPHY, volume 31)

Abstract

Hyperfine interaction studies have made, and continue to make, substantial contributions towards our understanding of nuclear structure. Following the overview, an elementary section is devoted to a discussion of the various quantities that describe the distributions of charge and magnetism in nuclei. As the sources of nuclear hyperfine fields we consider electronic and mesic atoms, and solid crystal lattices. Several topics which have had a significant impact on nuclear structure physics, and which appear promising for the near future, have then been selected for a more detailed description. A section on laser spectroscopy is linked to a discussion of the electromagnetic moments of unusual nuclear states, i.e. nuclei far off the stability line and superdeformed states in actinide nuclei. Recently, much has been learned about the structure and deformation of high-spin states. First experimental evidence for the unusually large oblate deformation of a high-spin state 147 in Gd has been obtained. The unexpectedly large transient magnetic fields for fast nuclear recoils in polarized ferromagnetics may be utilized to determine g factors of short-lived, deformed high-spin states. These measurements provide us with an improved understanding of the rotational alignment of particle spins in the direction of the collective angular momentum occurring under the stress of large rotational frequencies.

Keywords

Quadrupole Moment Electric Field Gradient Isotope Shift Isomeric State Knight Shift 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 3.1
    W. Pauli: Naturwissenschaften 12, 741 (1924)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 3.2
    H. Schüler, T. Schmidt: Z. Phys. 94, 457 (1935)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.3
    P. Brix, H. Kopfermann: Rev. Mod. Phys., 4 1189 (1958)Google Scholar
  4. 3.4
    H. Frauenfelder, R.M. Steffen: α-, β-, and y-Ray Spectroscopy, Vol.2, ed. by K. Siegbahn ( North-Holland, Amsterdam 1965 ) pp. 997–1198Google Scholar
  5. 3.5
    H. Aeppli, A.S. Bishop, H. Frauenfelder, M. Walter, W. Zünti: Phys. Rev. 82, 550 (1951)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 3.6
    N.F. Ramsey: Molecular Beams (Oxford Univ. Press, London 1955 )Google Scholar
  7. 3.7
    H. Kopfermann: Nuclear Moments ( Academic, New York 1958 )Google Scholar
  8. 3.8
    A. Abragam: Nuclear Magnetism (Oxford Univ. Press, London 1961 )Google Scholar
  9. 3.9
    H.J. Rose, D.M. Brink: Rev. Mod. Phys. 39, 306 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 3.10
    G.H. Fuller: J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 5, 835 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 3.11
    J. Bauche: J. Phys. 35, 19 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 3.12
    E.C. Seltzer: Phys. Rev. 188, 1916 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 3.13
    K. Heilig, A. Steudel: At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 14, 613 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 3.14
    F.A. Babushkin: Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 44, 1661 (1963) [English transl.: Sov. Phys.-JETP 17, 1118 (1963)1Google Scholar
  15. 3.15
    P.L. Lee, F. Boehm: Phys. Rev. C 3, 819 (1973)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 3.16
    A.R. Bodmer: Proc. Phys. Soc. A 66, 1041 (1953); Nucl. Phys. 5, 371 (1958/ 1959 )Google Scholar
  17. 3.17
    E.E. Fradkin: Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 42, 787 (1962) [English transl.: Sov. Phys.-JETP 15, 550 (1962)]Google Scholar
  18. 3.18
    R.Y. Cusson, B. Castel: Can. J. Phys. 47, 1189 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 3.19
    A.R. Edmonds: Angular Momentum in Quantum Mechanics (Univ. Press, Princeton 1957 )zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  20. 3.20
    P.G.H. Sandars, J. Beck: Proc. R. Soc. (London) A 289, 97 (1965)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 3.21
    I. Lindgren, A. Rosen: Case Stud, in At. Phys., 93,197 (1974)Google Scholar
  22. 3.22
    R.M. Sternheimer: Phys. Rev. 102 (1950); 84, 244 (1951); 95, 736 (1954); 105, 158 (1957); 164, 10 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 3.23
    J. de Boer, J. Eichler: “The Reorientation Effect”, in Advances in Nuclear Physicsed. by M. Baranger, E. Vogt ( Plenum, New York 1968 ) pp. 1–65Google Scholar
  24. 3.24
    O. Häusser: “Coulomb Reorientation”, in Nuclear Spectroscopy and Reactions3 ed. by J. Cerny ( Academic, New York 1974 ) pp. 55–91Google Scholar
  25. 3.25
    W.D. Knight, R.R. Hewitt, M. Pomerantz: Phys. Rev. 104, 271 (1956)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 3.26
    W.D. Hamilton: “Gamma-Ray Angular Distribution and Correlation Measurements”, in The Electromagnetic Interaction in Nuclear Spectroscopy ed. by W.D. Hamilton (North-Holland, Amsterdam 1975) Chap. 14, pp. 645–700Google Scholar
  27. 3.27
    G.K. Wertheim: Mössbauer Effect; Principles and Applications ( Academic, New York 1964 )zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  28. 3.28
    R.M. Steffen, K. Alder: “Extranuclear Perturbations of Angular Distributions and Correlations”, in The Electromagnetic Interaction in Nuclear Spectroscopy ed. by W.D. Hamilton (North-Holland, Amsterdam 1975) Chap. 13, pp. 583–644Google Scholar
  29. 3.29
    H.J. Behrend, D. Budnick: Z. Physik 168, 155 (1962)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 3.30
    R.S. Raghavan, P. Raghavan, E. N. Kaufmann: Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 111 (1973)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 3.31
    L. Grodzins, O. Klepper: Phys. Rev. C 3, 1019 (1971)Google Scholar
  32. 3.32
    L. Darken, R.W. Gurry: Physical Chemistry of Metals ( McGraw-Hill, New York 1953 )Google Scholar
  33. 3.33
    J. Pelzl: Z. Phys. 251, 13 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 3.34
    F.W. DeWette: Phys. Rev. 123, 103 (1961)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 3.35
    K.C. Das, M. Pomerantz: Phys. Rev. 123, 2070 (1961)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 3.36
    K.C. Das, R.K. Ray: Phys. Rev. 187, 111 (1969)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 3.37
    T.T. Taylor: Phys. Rev. 127, 120 (1962)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. 3.38
    F.D. Feiock, W.R. Johnson: Phys. Rev. 187, 39 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 3.39
    R.E. Watson, A.C. Gossard, Y. Yafet: Phys. Rev. A 140, 375 (1965)ADSGoogle Scholar
  40. 3.40
    E.N. Kaufmann, R.J. Vianden: Rev. Mod. Phys. 51, 161 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. 3.41
    P. Ebersold, B. Aas, W. Dey, R. Eichler, H.J. Leisi, W.W. Sapp, F. Scheck: Nucl. Phys. A 296, 493 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. 3.42
    F. Scheck: Nucl. Phys. B 42, 573 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. 3.43
    R.J. Powers, F. Boehm, P. Vogel, A. Zehnder, T. King, A.R. Kunselmann, P. Roberson, P. Martin, G.H. Miller, R.E. Welsh, D.A. Jenkins: Nucl. Phys. A 262, 493 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. 3.44
    J.D. Rodgers: Annu. Rev. Nucl. Sei. 15, 241 (1965)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. 3.45
    R.J. Powers, F. Boehm, A.A. Hahn, J.P. Miller, J.-L. Vuilleumier, K.C. Wang, A. Zehnder: Nucl. Phys. A 292, 487 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. 3.46
    K.E.G. Löbner, M. Vetter, V. Honig: Nucl. Data Tables A 7, 495 (1970)Google Scholar
  47. 3.47
    B. Elbek: Thesis, University of Copenhagen (1963)Google Scholar
  48. 3.48
    J. Ferch, W. Dankwort, H. Gebauer: Phys. Lett. A 49, 287 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. 3.49
    W. Dankwort, J. Ferch, H. Gebauer: Z. Phys. 267, 229 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. 3.50
    H. Figger, G. Wolber, S. Penselin: Phys. Lett. A 34, 21 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. 3.51
    S. Büttgenbach, G. Meisel: Z. Phys. 244, 149 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 3.52
    D. McLoughlin, S. Raboy, E. Deci, D. Adler, R. Sutton, A. Thompson: Phys. Rev. C 13, 1644 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. 3.53
    R.J. Powers, F. Boehm, A. Zehnder, A.R. Kunselman, P. Roberson: Nucl. Phys. A 278, 477 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. 3.54
    R. Beetz, F.W.N. DeBoer, K. Fransson, J. Konijn, J.K. Panman, L. Tauscher, Tibell: Nucl. Phys. A 300, 369 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  55. 3.55
    C.J. Batty, S.F. Biagi, R.A.J. Riddle, A. Roberts, B.L. Roberts, D.H. Wor- 1 edge, N. Berovis, G.J. Pyle, G.T.A. Squier, A.S. Clough, P. Coddington, R.E. Hawkins: 6th Int. Conf. High-Energy Physics and Nuclear Structure, Santa Fe and Los Alamos, June 1975Google Scholar
  56. 3.56
    A. de Shalit, I. Talmi: Nuclear Shell Theory ( Academic, New York 1963 )Google Scholar
  57. 3.57
    J. Blomqvist: J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 34, 223 (1973)MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  58. 3.58
    M. Harvey, F.C. Khanna: Nucl. Phys. A 152, 588 (1970); A 155, 337 (1970)ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. 3.59
    O. Häusser, T.K. Alexander, J.R. Beene, E.D. Earle, A.B. McDonald, F.C. Khanna, I.S. Towner: Nucl. Phys. A 253 (1976)Google Scholar
  60. 3.60
    R.J. Powers, V.L. Telegdi: Z. Phys. 202, 214 (1967); R. J. Powers: Phys. Rev. 169, 1 (1968)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. 3.61
    W.Y. Lee, M.Y. Chen, S.C. Cheng, E.R. Macagno, A.M. Rushton, C.S. Wu: Nucl. Phys. A 181, 14 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. 3.62
    L. Holmgren, A. Rosen: Phys. Scr. 6, 37 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. 3.63
    H.A. Bethe, E.E. Salpeter: Quantum Mechanics of One- and Two-Electron Atoms (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 1957 )Google Scholar
  64. 3.64
    H.M. Foley: In Atomic Physics3 ed. by B. Bederson, V.W. Cohen, F.M.J. Pichanic ( Plenum, New York 1969 ) pp. 509–522; H. H. Stroke: In Atomic Physics, ed. by B. Bederson, V.W. Cohen, F.M.J. Pichanic ( Plenum, New York 1969 ) pp. 523–550Google Scholar
  65. 3.65
    D.L. Clark, M.E. Cage, G.W. Greenless: Hyperfine Interact. 4, 83 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. 3.66
    J. Christiansen, H.E. Mahnke, E. Recknagel, D. Riegel, G. Weyer, W. Witthuhn: Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 554 (1968)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. 3.67
    E. Recknagel: “Magnetic Moments of Excited States”, in Nuclear Spectroscopy and Reactions, Part C, ed. by J. Cerny (Academic, New York 1974 ) pp. 93–141Google Scholar
  68. 3.68
    C. Günther, I. Lindgren: “Paramagnetic Effects”, in Perturbed Angular Correlations, ed. by E. Karlsson, E. Matthias, K. Siegbahn ( North-Holland, Amsterdam 1964 ) pp. 357–375Google Scholar
  69. 3.69
    R. Kalish, U. Shreter, J. Grunzweig-Genossar: Hyperfine Interact. 1, 65 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  70. 3.70
    W.D. Knight: Phys. Rev. 76, 1259 (1947); Solid State Phys. 2, 97 (1956)Google Scholar
  71. 3.71
    J.R. Beene, O. Häusser, A.B. McDonald, T.K. Alexander, A.J. Ferguson: Hyperfine Interact. 397 (1977)Google Scholar
  72. 3.72
    M.S. Dewey, H.E. Mahnke, P. Choudhury, U. Garg, T.P. Sjoreen, D.B. Fossan: Phys. Rev. C 18, 2061 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  73. 3.73
    J. Korringa: Physica 16, 601 (1950);zbMATHADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  74. 3.74
    F.A. Rossini, W.D. Knight: Phys. Rev. 178, 641 (1968).D. Riegel: Phys. Scr. 11, 228 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  75. 3.75
    G.N. Rao: At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 15, 553 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  76. 3.76
    C. Kittel: Introduction to Solid-State Physics ( Wiley, New York 1971 )Google Scholar
  77. 3.77
    R.R. Borchers, B. Herskind, J.D. Bronson, L. Grodzins, R. Kalish, D.E. Murnick: Phys. Rev. Lett. 20, 424 (1968)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  78. 3.78
    J. Lindhard, A. Winther: Nucl. Phys. A 166, 413 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  79. 3.79
    J.L. Eberhardt, G. van Middelkoop, R.E. Horstmann, H.A. Doubt: Phys. Lett. B 56, 329 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  80. 3.80
    M.B. Goldberg, G.J. Kumbartzki, K.H. Speidel, M. Forterre, J. Gerber: Hyperfine Interact. 1, 429 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  81. 3.81
    G. van Middelkoop: Hyperfine Interact. 4, 238 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  82. 3.82
    N. Benczer-Koller, M. Hass, J. Sak: Annu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sei. 30, 53 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  83. 3.83
    J.L. Eberhardt, R.E. Horstman, P.C. Zalm, H.A. Doubt, G. van Middelkoop: Hyperfine Interact. 195 (1977)Google Scholar
  84. 3.84
    K. Dybdal, J.L. Eberhardt, N. Rud: Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 592 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  85. 3.85
    K. Dybdal, J.S. Forster, N. Rud: Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1711 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  86. 3.86
    O. Häusser, D. Ward, H.R. Andrews, N. Rud, P. Skensved, C. Broude: Nucl. Instrum. Methods 169, 539 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  87. 3.87
    D.E. Murnick, M.S. Feld: Annu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sei. 29, 411 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  88. 3.88
    G. Huber, F. Touchard, S. Büttgenbach, C. Thibault, R. Klapisch, H.T. Duong, S. Liberman, J. Pinard, J.L. Vial 1e, P. Juncar, P. Jacquinot: Phys. Rev. C 18, 2342 (1978)Google Scholar
  89. 3.89
    X. Campi, H. Flocard, A.K. Kerman, S. Koonin: Nucl. Phys. A 151, 193 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  90. 3.90
    T. Kühl, P. Dabkiewicz, C. Duke, H. Fischer, H.-J. Kluge, H. Kremmling, E.W. Otten: Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 180 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  91. 3.91
    G. Huber, F. Touchard, S. Büttgenbach, C. Thibault, R. Klapisch, S. Liberman, J. Pinard, H.T. Duong, P. Juncar, J.L. Vial 1 e, P. Jacquinot, A. Pesnelle: Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 459 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  92. 3.92
    C.E. Bemis, J.R. Beene, J.P. Young, S.D. Kramer: Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1854 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  93. 3.93
    H.C. Britt: At. Data Nucl. Data Tables 12, 407 (1973)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  94. 3.94
    F.S. Stephens: Rev. Mod. Phys. 47, 43 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  95. 3.95
    D. Horn, O. Häusser, T. Faestermann, A.B. McDonald, T.K. Alexander, J.R. Beene, C.J. Herrlander: Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 389 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  96. 3.96
    T.L. Khoo, R.K. Smither, B. Haas, O. Häusser, H.R. Andrews, D. Horn, D. Ward: Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1027 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  97. 3.97
    C. Baktash, E. ter Mateosian, O.C. Kistner, A.W. Sunyar: Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 637 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  98. 3.98
    T.L. Khoo, F.M. Bernthal, R.G.H. Robertson, R.A. Warner: Phys. Rev. Lett. 37, 823 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  99. 3.99
    J.P. Schiffer, W.W. True: Rev. Mod. Phys. 48, 191 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  100. 3.100
    A. Faessler, M. Ploszajczak, K.R.S. Devi: Phys. Rev. Lett. 10 28 (1976)Google Scholar
  101. 3.101
    C.G. Andersson, G. Hellström, G. Leander, I. Ragnarsson, S. Aberg, J. Krumlinde, S.G. Nilsson, Z. Szymanski: Nucl. Phys. A 309, 141 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  102. 3.102
    K. Matsuyanagi, T. Dossing, K. Neergaard: Nucl. Phys. A 307, 253 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  103. 3.103
    O. Häusser: Proc. Symposium on High Spin Phenomena in Nuclei, Argonne (1979)Google Scholar
  104. 3.104
    O. Häusser, H.E. Mahnke, J.F. Sharpey-Schafer, M.L. Swanson, P. Taras, D. Ward, H.R. Andrews, T.K. Alexander: Phys. Rev. Lett. 44, 132 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  105. 3.105
    W. Klinger, R. Böhm, W. Engel, W. Sandner, R. Seeböck, W. Witthuhn: Z. Phys. A 290, 221 (1979)ADSGoogle Scholar
  106. 3.106
    O. Häusser, P. Taras, W. Trautmann, D. Ward, T.K. Alexander, H.R. Andrews, B. Haas, D. Horn: Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 1451 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  107. 3.107
    T. D0ssing, K. Neergaard, H. Sagawa: Int. Conf. Nuclear Behaviour at High Angular Momentum, Strasbourg (1980); Phys. Lett. B 99, 191 (1981)Google Scholar
  108. 3.108
    M. Sano, T. Takemasa, W. Wakai: J. Phys. Soc. J. Suppl. 34, 365 (1975)Google Scholar
  109. 3.109
    R. Kalish, B. Herskind, G.B. Hagemann: Phys. Rev. C 5, 757 (1973)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  110. 3.110
    B. Skaali, R. Kalish, J. Eriksen, B. Herskind: Nucl. Phys. A 238, 159 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  111. 3.111
    D. Ward, O. Häusser, H.R. Andrews, P. Taras, P. Skensved, N. Rud, C. Broude: Nucl. Phys. A 330, 225 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  112. 3.112
    H.R. Andrews, O. Häusser, D. Ward, P. Taras, N. Rud, B. Haas, R.M. Diamond, D. Fossan, H. Kluge, M. Nieman, C. Roulet, F.S. Stephens: Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1835 (1980)ADSGoogle Scholar
  113. 3.113
    P. Taras, D. Ward, H.R. Andrews, J.S. Geiger, R.L. Graham, W. McLatchie: Nucl. Phys. A 289, 165 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  114. 3.114
    D. Schwalm: Private communicationGoogle Scholar
  115. 3.115
    A. Bohr, B.R. Mottelson: Nuclear Structure3 Vol. 1 ( Benjamin, New York 1969 )Google Scholar
  116. 3.116
    R. Frisch, O. Stern: Z. Phys. 85, 4 (1933)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  117. 3.117
    R.H. Dalitz: Phys. Rev. 95, 799 (1954)zbMATHADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  118. 3.118
    A. Arima, H. Hyuga: In Mesons in Nuclei, ed. by M. Rho, D.H. Wilkinson ( North-Holland, Amsterdam 1969 ) pp. 683–720Google Scholar
  119. 3.119
    H. Hyuga, A. Arima, K. Shimizu: Nucl. Phys. A 336, 363 (1980)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  120. 3.120
    J.L. Fiar: Int. Conf. on Nuclear Physics with Electromagnetic Interactions, Mainz 1979Google Scholar
  121. 3.121
    M. Chemtob: Nucl. Phys. A 123, 449 (1969)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  122. 3.122
    M. Chemtob, M. Rho: Nucl. Phys. A 163, 1 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  123. 3.123
    G. Konopka, M. Gari, J.G. Zabolitzky: Nucl. Phys. A 290, 360 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  124. 3.124
    A. Arima: J. Phys. Soc. J. Suppl. 34, 205 (1973)Google Scholar
  125. 3.125
    T. Yamazaki: In Mesons in Nuclei, ed. by M. Rho, D.H. Wilkinson ( North- Holland, Amsterdam 1969 ) pp. 651–682Google Scholar
  126. 3.126
    A. Arima, H. Horie: Prog. Theor. Phys. 12, 623 (1954)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  127. 3.127
    J. Blomqvist, N. Freed, H.O. Zetterstrom: Phys. Lett. 18, 47 (1965)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  128. 3.128
    H.A. Mavromatis, L. Zamick, G.E. Brown: Nucl. Phys. 80, 545 (1966)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  129. 3.129
    A. Arima, L.J. Huang-Lin: Phys. Lett. B 41, 435 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  130. 3.130
    I.S. Towner, F.C. Khanna, O. Häusser: Nucl. Phys. A 277, 285 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  131. 3.131
    I. Hamamoto: Nucl. Phys. A 277, 285 (1977)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  132. 3.132
    R. Bauer, J. Speth, V. Klemt, P. Ring, E. Werner, T. Yamazaki: Nucl. Phys. A 209, 535 (1973)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  133. 3.133
    T. Yamazaki, G.T. Ewan: Phys. Lett. B 24, 278 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  134. 3.134
    T. Yamazaki, T. Nomura, S. Nagamiya, T. Katou: Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 547 (1970)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  135. 3.135
    T. Yamazaki, E. Matthias: Phys. Rev. 175, 1476 (1968)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  136. 3.136
    C.V.K. Baba, D.B. Fossan, T. Faestermann, F. Feilitzsch, M.R. Maier, P. Raghavan, R.S. Raghavan, C. Signorini: Nucl. Phys. A 257, 135 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  137. 3.137
    O. Häusser, I.S. Towner, T. Faestermann, H.R. Andrews, J.R. Beene, D. Horn, D. Ward, C. Broude: Nucl. Phys. A 293, 248 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  138. 3.138
    H. Ejiri, T. Shibata, M. Takeda: Nucl. Phys. A 221, 211 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  139. 3.139
    W. Klinger, R. Böhm, W. Engel, W. Sandner, R. Seeböck, W. Witthuhn: Z. Phys. A 290, 227 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  140. 3.140
    R. Brenn, S.K. Bhattacherjee, G.D. Sprouse, L.E. Young: Phys. Rev. C 10, 1414 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  141. 3.141
    D. Riegel, N. Bräuer, F. Dimmling, B. Focke, K. Nishiyama: Phys. Lett. B 46, 170 (1973)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  142. 3.142
    F. Dimmling, N. Bräuer, B. Focke, T. Kornrumpf, K. Nishiyama, D. Riegel: Z. Phys. 271, 103 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  143. 3.143
    N. Bräuer, B. Focke, B. Lehmann, E. Matthias, D. Riegel: Phys. Lett. B 34, 54 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  144. 3.144
    D.F. Gumprecht, T.E. Katila, L.C. Moberg: Phys. Lett. A 40, 297 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  145. 3.145
    M. Ishibara, R. Broda, B. Herskind: Proc. Int. Conf. on Nuclear Physics, Munich 1973, ed. by J. de Boer, H.J. Mang (North-Holland, Amsterdam 1973) Vol. 1, p. 256Google Scholar
  146. 3.146
    O. Häusser, J.R. Beene, T. Faestermann, T.K. Alexander, D. Horn, A.B. McDonald, A.J. Ferguson: Hyperfine Interact. 4, 219 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  147. 3.147
    K. Arita: Proc. Int. Conf. on Nuclear Physics, Munich 1973, ed. by J. De Boer, H.J. Mang (North-Holland, Amsterdam 1973) Vol. 1, p. 264Google Scholar
  148. 3.148
    S.M. Perez: Phys. Lett. B 3 17 (1970)Google Scholar
  149. 3.149
    V. Gi11 et, A.M. Green, E.A. Sanderson: Phys. Lett. 11, 44 (1964)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  150. 3.150
    T. Hamada, I.D. Johnston: Nucl. Phys. 34, 383 (1962)Google Scholar
  151. 3.151
    M. Hass, N. Benczer-Kol1 er, J.M. Brennan, H.T. King, P. Goode: Phys. Rev. C 17, 997 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  152. 3.152
    P. Goode, L. Zamick: Part. Nucl. 125 (1972)Google Scholar
  153. 3.153
    A. Arima: Proc. of the Fourth Int. Conf. on Hyperfine Interactions, Madison, 1977, ed. by R.S. Raghavan, D.E. Murnick ( North-Holland, Amsterdam 1978 )Google Scholar
  154. 3.154
    M. Ichimura, K. Yazaki: Nucl. Phys. 63, 401 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  155. 3.155
    H.A. Mavromatis, L. Zamick: Nucl. Phys. A 104, 17 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  156. 3.156
    G.F. Bertsch: Phys. Lett. B 25, 302 (1968)ADSGoogle Scholar
  157. 3.157
    K. Shimizu, M. Ichimura, A. Arima: Nucl. Phys. A 226, 282 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  158. 3.158
    T.T.S. Kuo: Nucl. Phys. A 103, 71 (1967)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  159. 3.159
    T.T.S. Kuo, G.E. Brown: Nucl. Phys. A 114, 241 (1968)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  160. 3.160
    T. Erikson: Nucl. Phys. A 205, 593 (1973)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  161. 3.161
    O. Häusser, T.K. Alexander, T. Faestermann, D. Horn, D. Ward, H.R. Andrews, I.S. Towner: Phys. Lett. B 73, 127 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  162. 3.162
    L. Meyer-Schützmeister, A.J. Elwyn, K.E. Rehm, G. Hardie: Phys. Rev. C 17, 1299 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  163. 3.163
    T. Minamisono, J.W. Hugg, D.G. Mavis, T.K. Saylor, H.F. Glavish, S.S. Hanna: Phys. Lett. B 61, 155 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  164. 3.164
    C.W. Kim, H. Primakoff: Phys. Rev. B 139, 1447 (1965)ADSMathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  165. 3.165
    W. Dreschler, B. Stech: Z. Phys. 178, 1 (1964)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  166. 3.166
    A. Fujii, Y. Yamaguchi: Prog. Theor. Phys. 31, 107 (1964)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  167. 3.167
    B.R. Holstein: Rev. Mod. Phys. 46, 789 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  168. 3.168
    M. Morita, M. Nishimura, A. Shimizu, H. Ohtsubo, K. Kubodera: Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 60, 1 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  169. 3.169
    C.W. Kim, H. Primakoff: In Mesons in Nuclei, ed. by M. Rho, D.H. Wilkinson ( North-Holland, Amsterdam 1979 )Google Scholar
  170. 3.170
    W.Y.P. Hwang, H. Primakoff: Phys. Rev. C 16, 397 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  171. 3.171
    K. Sugimoto, T. Minamisono, Y. Nojiri, Y. Masuda: J. Phys. Soc. J. Suppl. 44, 801 (1978)Google Scholar
  172. 3.172
    S. Weinberg: Phys. Rev. 112, 1375 (1958)zbMATHADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  173. 3.173
    I.S. Towner, J.C. Hardy, M. Harvey: Nucl. Phys. A 284, 269 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  174. 3.174
    D.H. Wilkinson: Phys. Lett. B 31, 447 (1970)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  175. 3.175
    D.H. Wilkinson, D.E. Alburger: Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 1127 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  176. 3.176
    D.H. Wilkinson: Phys. Rev. Lett. 27, 1018 (1971)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  177. 3.177
    I.S. Towner: Nucl. Phys. A 216, 589 (1973)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  178. 3.178
    Y.K. Lee, L. Mo, C.S. Wu: Phys. Rev. Lett. 10, 253 (1963)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  179. 3.179
    F.P. Calaprice, B.R. Holstein: Nucl. Phys. A 275, 301 (1976)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  180. 3.180
    C.W. Wu, Y.K. Lee, L. Mo: Phys. Rev. Lett. 39, 72 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  181. 3.181
    W. Kaina, V. Soergel, H. Thies, W. Trost: Phys. Lett. B 70, 411 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  182. 3.182
    K. Koshigiri, M. Nishimura, H. Ohtsubo, M. Morita: Nucl. Phys. A 319, 301 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  183. 3.183
    D.O. Riska, G.E. Brown: Phys. Lett. B 38, 193 (1972)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  184. 3.184
    K. Kubodera, J. Delorme, M. Rho: Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 755 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  185. 3.185
    M. Morita, M. Nishimura, H. Ohtsubo: Phys. Lett. B 73, 17 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  186. 3.186
    T. Minamisono: J. Phys. Soc. J. Suppl. 34, 324 (1973)Google Scholar
  187. 3.187
    R.C. Haskell, L. Madansky: J. Phys. Soc. J. Suppl. 34, 167 (1973)Google Scholar
  188. 3.188
    R.C. Haskell, F.D. Correll, L. Madansky: Phys. Rev. B 11, 3268 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  189. 3.189
    C.P. Slichter: Principles of Magnetic Resonance, 2nd ed., Springer Ser. Sol id-State Sei.,Vol. 1 ( Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York 1980 )Google Scholar
  190. 3.190
    I. Tanihata, S. Kogo, K. Sugimoto: Phys. Lett. B 67, 392 (1977)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  191. 3.191
    H. Brändle, L. Grenacs, J. Lang, L.Ph. Roesch, V.L. Telegdi, P. Truttmann, A. Weiss, A. Zehnder: Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 306 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  192. 3.192
    A. Abragam, B. Bleaney: Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of Transition Ions ( Clarendon Press, Oxford 1970 )Google Scholar
  193. 3.193
    K. Sugimoto, I. Tanihata, J. Goring: Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 1533 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  194. 3.194
    P. Lebrun, Ph. Deschepper, L. Grenacs, J. Lehmann, C. Leroy, L. Palffy, A. Possoz, A. Maio: Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 302 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  195. 3.195
    H. Brändle, G. Miklos, L.Ph. Roesch, V.L. Telegdi, P. Truttmann, A. Zehnder, L. Grenacs, P. Lebrun, J. Lehmann: Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 299 (1978)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  196. 3.196
    Y. Masuda, T. Minamisono, Y. Nojiri, K. Sugimoto: Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1083 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  197. 3.197
    B.T. Chertok, C. Sheffield, J.W. Lightbody, S. Penner, D. Blum: Phys. Rev. C 8, 23 (1973)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  198. 3.198
    F. Ajzenberg-Selove: Nucl. Phys. A 248, 1 (1975)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  199. 3.199
    S. Cohen, D. Kurath: Nucl. Phys. 73, 1 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  200. 3.200
    D.H. Wilkinson: Nucl. Phys. A 377, 474 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  201. 3.201
    K. Koshigiri, H. Ohtsubo, M. Morita: Prog. Theor. Phys. 66, 358 (1981)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  202. 3.202
    P.A.M. Guichon, C. Samour: Nucl. Phys. A 352, 461 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations