Hyperfine Interactions of Excited Nuclei in Atomic Systems

Part of the Topics in Current Physics book series (TCPHY, volume 31)


The idea of utilizing an excited nucleus as a probe to observe the hyperfine interaction in free atoms was evident from the very birth of the perturbed angular correlation method [2.1]. Since that time, there have been many developments in experimental methods and in our understanding of the different atomic systems in which measurements can be performed, and many interesting results have been obtained. There have been periodic reviews of the status of the field, the most recent of which was made by GOLDRING [2.2]. Together with his students and former students, Professor Goldring has made many of the important advances in this field of physics, and his review is an excellent source for more information on some of the topics covered in this chapter. Because of the existence of this excellent review by GOLDRING, which places strong emphasis on the time integral methods, I have tended in this chapter to emphasize more the techniques and methods for dealing with longer-lived nuclear levels where one can apply time differential methods.


Hyperfine Interaction Nuclear Spin Atomic State Atomic System Hyperfine Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 2.1
    K. Alder, Helv. Phys. Acta 25, 235 (1952)zbMATHGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.2
    G. Goldring, “Hyperfine Interactions in Isolated Ions”, in Heavy Ion Physics, ed. by R. Bock (North-Holland, Amsterdam forthcoming) Chap. 4Google Scholar
  3. 2.3
    B. Rosner, R. Kalish (eds.), Atomic Physios in Nuclear Experiments, Annals of the Israel Physical Society, Vol. 1 ( Adam Hilger, Bristol 1977 )Google Scholar
  4. 2.4
    G. Goldring, “Internal Fields and Implantation Techniques”, in Hyperfine Structure and Nuclear Radiations, ed. by E. Matthias, D. Shirley ( North- Holland, Amsterdam 1968 ) pp. 640–654Google Scholar
  5. 2.5
    G. Sprouse, “Hyperfine Interactions of Fast Recoil Nuclei in Gas” in Hyperfine Interactions of Excited Nuclei, ed. by G. Goldring, R. Kalish, Proc. Int. Conf., Rehovot, 1970 ( Gordon and Breach, New York 1971 ) pp. 931–960Google Scholar
  6. 2.6
    M.B. Goldberg, Phys. Scr. 11, 84 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 2.7
    W.L. Randolph, N. Ayres de Campos, J.R. Beene, J. Burde, M.A. Grace, D.F.H. Start, R.E. Warner, Phys. Lett. B44, 36 (1973)Google Scholar
  8. 2.8
    T.J. Moorhouse, J. Asher, H.A. Doubt, M.A. Grace, P.D. Johnston, W.L. Randolph, P.M. Rowe, Hyperfine Interact. 4, 179 (1978)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 2.9
    R.E. Horstman, J.L. Eberhardt, H.A. Doubt, C.M.E. Otten, G. Van Middlekoop, Nucl. Phys. k248, 291 (1975)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 2.10
    G. Perlow, “Hyperfine Anomalies”, in Hyperfine Interactions of Excited Nuclei, ed. by G. Goldring, R. Kalish, Proc. Int. Conf., Rehovot, 1970 ( Gordon and Breach, New York 1971 ) p. 651Google Scholar
  11. 2.11
    H.C. Jain, W.A. Little, S.M. Lazarus, T.K. Saylor, B.B. Triplett, S.S. Hanna, Phys. Rev. C14, 2013 (1976); W.A. Little, Ph.D. Thesis, Stanford University (1975)Google Scholar
  12. 2.12
    G.D. Sprouse, Hyperfine Interact. 5, 39–44 (1976)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 2.13
    H.J. Andraa, “Quantum Beats in Atomic and Nuclear Physics”, in Ref.2.3, pp.373–440Google Scholar
  14. 2.14
    H. Kopferman, Nuclear Moments ( Academic, New York 1958 )Google Scholar
  15. 2.15
    J.R. Beene, J. Asher, N. Ayres de Campos, R.D. Gill, M.A. Grace, W.C. Randolph, Nucl. Phys. A230, 141 (1974)Google Scholar
  16. 2.16
    T.K. Alexander, G.J. Costa, J.S. Forster, O.. Hausser, A.B. McDonald, A. O. in, W. Wittuhn, Phys. Rev. C9, 1748 (1974)ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 2.17
    T.J. Moorhouse, J. Asher, D.W. Bennett, H.A. Doubt, M.A. Grace, P.D. Johnston, W.L. Randolph, P.M. Rowe, J. Phys. G4, 1593–1605 (1978)ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 2.18
    J. Asher, J.R. Beene, M.A. Grace, W.L. Randolph, D.F.H. Start, J. Phys. G\1, 415 (1975)Google Scholar
  19. 2.19
    F.A. Beck, T. Byrski, G.J. Costa, W.L. Randolph, J.P. Vivien, Hyperfine Interact. 4, 181 (1978)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  20. 2.20
    W.L. Randolph, N. Ayres de Campos, J.R. Beene, J. Burde, M.A. Grace, D.F.H. Start, R.E. Warner, Phys. Lett. B44, 36 (1973)Google Scholar
  21. 2.21
    J. Asher, M.A. Grace, P.D. Johnston, J.W. Koen, P.M. Rowe, W.L. Randolph, J. Phys. G2, 477–486 (1976)ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 2.22
    Z. Berant, C. Broude, S. Dima, G. Goldring, M. Hass, Z. Shkedi, D.F.H. Start, Y. Wolfson, Nucl. Phys. 235, 410 (1974)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 2.23
    Z. Berant, C. Broude, G. Engler, M. Hass, R. Levy, B. Richter, Nucl. Phys. A243, 519–527 (1975)Google Scholar
  24. 2.24
    T.J. Moorhouse, J. Asher, H.A. Doubt, M.A. Grace, P.D. Johnston, P.M. Rowe, To be publishedGoogle Scholar
  25. 2.25
    P.M. Rowe, J. Asher, H.A. Doubt, M.A. Grace, P.D. Johnston, T.J. Moorhouse, J. Phys. G4, 431 (1978)Google Scholar
  26. 2.26
    R. Böhm, R. Keitel, W. Klinger, W. Wittuhn, W.L. Randolph, E. Matthias, Z. Phys 278, 133 (1976)ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 2.27
    F.A. Beck, T. Byrski, G.J. Costa, J.P. Vivien, Hyperfine Interact. 4, 188 (1978)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  28. 2.28
    F.A. Beck, Y. Dar, M. Forterre, J.P. Vivien, Phys. Rev. C13, 895 (1976)Google Scholar
  29. 2.29
    J. Bleck, D.W. Haag, W. Ribbe, Nucl. Instrum. Methods 67, 169 (1969)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  30. 2.30
    H.A. Doubt, “Excitation Regimes in Hydrogen- and Helium-Like Ions”, in Ref.2.3, pp.537–575 2QGoogle Scholar
  31. 2.31
    M. Faessler, B. Povh, D. Schwalm, “Deorientation Measurement in 20Ne”, in Ref.2. 3, pp. 968–969Google Scholar
  32. 2.32
    R. Marrus, Nucl. Instrum. Methods 110, 333 (1973)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 2.33
    H.A. Bethe, E.E. Salpeter, Quantum Mechanics of One- and Two-Electron Atoms (Springer, Berlin, Göttingen, Heidelberg 1957 )Google Scholar
  34. 2.34
    I.S. Dmitriev, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 570 (1957); Sov. Phys. JETP 5, 473 (1957)Google Scholar
  35. 2.35
    H.H. Bukow. Reinke, In Beam Foil Spectroscopy Vol. 1, ed. by I.A. Sellin, D.J. Pegg ( Plenum, New York 1967 ) p. 263Google Scholar
  36. 2.36
    W.L. Randolph, J. Asher, J.W. Koen, P. Rowe, E. Matthias, Hyperfine Interact. 1, 145 (1975)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  37. 2.37
    Y.C. Lin, W.A. Little, P.D. Bond, G.D. Sprouse, Hyperfine Interact. 388 (1976)Google Scholar
  38. 2.38
    Y.C. Lin, W.A. Little, P.D. Bond, G.D. Sprouse, Hyperfine Interact. 4, 105–109 (1978)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  39. 2.39
    W.L. Wiese, M.W. Smith, B.M. Miles, Atomic Transition Probabilities, Vol. 11 ( National Bureau of Standards, Washington, D.C. 1969 )Google Scholar
  40. 2.40
    K.P. Lieb, A.M. Nathan, J.W. Olness, Hyperfine Interact. 5, 113 (1978)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  41. 2.41
    I. Ben-Zvi, P. Gilad, M. Goldberg, G. Goldring, A. Schwarzschild, Z. Vager, Nucl. Phys. hl21 592 (1968); M22, 73 (1968); A151, 401 (1970)Google Scholar
  42. 2.42
    H.R. Andrews, R.L. Graham, J.S. Geiger, J.R. Beene, 0. Häusser, D. Ward, D. Horn, Hyperfine Interact. 4, 110–114 (1978)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  43. 2.43
    R. Brenn, H. Spehl, A. Weckherlein, H.A. Doubt, G. van Middlekoop, At. Phys. 281, 219–227 (1977)ADSGoogle Scholar
  44. 2.44
    H.R. Andrews, Private communication (1978)Google Scholar
  45. 2.45
    B. Orre, A. Linnfors, A. Falk, J.E. Thun, K. Johansson, Nucl. Phys. l48, 516–528 (1970)Google Scholar
  46. 2.46
    V. Metag, D. Habs, H.J. Specht, G. Ulfert, C. Kozhuharov, Hyperfine Interact. 1, 405 (1976)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  47. 2.47
    G. Ulfert, D. Habs, V. Metag, H.J. Specht, Nucl. Instrum. Methods 148, 369 (1978)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  48. 2.48
    G. Ulfert, V. Metag, D. Habs, H.J. Specht, Phys. Rev. Lett. 42, 1596 (1979)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  49. 2.49
    P.B. Treacy, Nucl. Phys. 2, 239 (1956)Google Scholar
  50. 2.50
    L. Chase, G. Igo, Phys. Rev. 116, 170 (1959)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  51. 2.51
    K. Hagemeyer, M.B. Goldberg, G.J. Kumbartzki, K.H. Speidel, P.N. Taylor, M. Schramm, G. Kraft, Hyperfine Interact, 1, 301–312 (1975)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  52. 2.52
    R. Brenn, F. Hopkins, G.D. Sprouse, Phys. Rev. 15, 1837 (1979)Google Scholar
  53. 2.53
    M.B. Goldberg, M. Hass, Z. Shkedi, Hyperfine Interact, l, 361–365 (1976)Google Scholar
  54. 2.54
    G. Goldring, K. Hagemeyer, N. Benczer-Koller, R. Levy, Y. Lipshitz, B. Richter, Z. Shkedi, Y. Wolfson, Hyperfine Interact. 4, 118–122 (1978)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  55. 2.55
    R. Nordhagen, G. Goldring, R.M. Diamond, K. Nakai, F.S. Stephens, Nucl. Phys. A142, 577 (1970)Google Scholar
  56. 2.56
    G. Goldring, Winter School on Heavy Ions, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, August 1978Google Scholar
  57. 2.57
    F. Bosch, H. Spehl, Z. Phys. A280, 329 (1977)Google Scholar
  58. 2.58
    H. Spehl, S. Steadman, A. Weckherlin, H.A. Doubt, K. Hagemeyer, G. Kumbartszki, K.H. Speidel, Nucl. Phys. A215, 446 (1973)Google Scholar
  59. 2.59
    C. Scherer, Nucl. Phys. 57, 81 (1970)Google Scholar
  60. 2.60
    M. Blume, Nucl. Phys. l67, 81 (1971)Google Scholar
  61. 2.61
    A. Zemel, Y. Niv, Hyperfine Interact. 3, 125–133 (1977)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  62. 2.62
    E.W. Weber, H. Ackermann, N.S. Laulainen, G. zu Putlitz, Z. Phys. 259, 371– (1973)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  63. 2.63
    J. Bleck, D.W. Haag, W. Ribbe, Z. Phys. 5 65–73 (1970)ADSGoogle Scholar
  64. 2.64
    O. Klepper, H. Spehl, Nucl. Phys. 64, 393–400 (1965)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. 2.65
    H. Ikezoe, Private communicationGoogle Scholar
  66. 2.66
    W. Bartsch, W. Leitz, H.E. Mahnke, W. Semmler, R. Sielemann, Th. Wiehert, Proc. Int. Meetings on Hyperfine Interactions, Leuven, Belgium, Sept. 1975, ed. by R. Coussement ( University of Leuven, Belgium )Google Scholar
  67. 2.67
    H. Ikezoe, G.D. Sprouse, H. Hamagaki, Y. Yamazaki, H. Nakayama, K. Nakai, Hyperfine Interact. 2, 331 (1976)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  68. 2.68
    G.D. Sprouse, R. Brenn, H.A. Calvin, H.J. Metcalf, Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 419 (1973)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar
  69. 2.69
    W. Bartsch, Diploma Thesis, Hahn Meitner Institut, Berlin (1975)Google Scholar
  70. 2.70
    C. Broude, M.-B. Goldberg, G. Goldring, M. Hass, M.J. Renan, B. Sharon, A. Shkedi, D.F.H. Start, Nucl. Phys. A215, 617–628 (1973)Google Scholar
  71. 2.71
    Y.C. Lin, Ph.D. Thesis, State University of New York at Stony Brook (1978)Google Scholar
  72. 2.72
    L.E. Young, G.D. Sprouse, D.E. Strottman, Phys. Rev. C12, 1358 (1975)CrossRefADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations