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Microscopic Models of Photodetection

Chapter
Part of the Topics in Current Physics book series (TCPHY, volume 20)

Abstract

In this chapter we study the problem of determining statistical properties of stochastic radiation fields by means of photoelectric counting detectors. This problem is an important step in the retrieval of information on stochastic scattering systems considered in the preceding chapter. We start with the definition of the detection problem and a general comparison of “ideal” and “real” photodetection (Sect.4.1). In Sect.4.2, we present an overview of models describing the ideal detection process and discuss formal procedures of inversion for counting probabilities. In Sect.4.3 we report the recent progress in understanding the quantum process of photodetection in terms of microscopic models, namely the open-system detection scheme. In Sect.4.4 we review selected results on disturbing effects such as noise, dead time and partial coherence. Using the open-system approach we develop a first-principle theory of the intrinsic thermal noise in photodetection and show how the statistical properties of the incoming radiation are affected by the detector temperature (Sect.4.5). Pertinent techniques from statistical physics and quantum optics are summarized in Sects.4.6 and 4.7.

Keywords

Dark Current Dead Time Reduce Density Matrix Excited Atom Factorial Moment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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