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Crystal Growth and Phase Diagrams

Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences book series (SSSOL, volume 5)

Abstract

Given “all” thermochemical and thermophysical information on a specific material, one should be able to devise or select the optimum crystal growth method for it. The optimum method is defined as the sequence of preparative steps (preparation of starting material, growth and after-treatment of crystal) that leads to certain compositional (chemical) and structural properties of a real crystal which are desired for a specific experiment of application. “All information” goes far beyond the data needed to characterize the considered material itself under the envisioned range of preparative conditions. In addition, one needs a wealth of information to anticipate the interaction of the material with its environment during the preparation. Questions that must be answered include: How does the material chemically and physically interact with containers, “inert” atmospheres, vacua; what are the optical properties of the whole system, essential for estimates of radiative heat transfer; what are the consequences of fluctuations in environmental parameters like nutrient temperature and stresses on the growing solid, etc. The scheme presented in Fig.4.1 lists various parameters that are instrumental in selecting a specific crystal growth method. A good deal of these parameters, namely the ones shown in the left column, can be deduced from phase diagrams — if these are available. This will be illustrated in this chapter. The data on the right side have to be deduced from other sources. Beyond a mere listing of important system parameters, the scheme also illustrates their relation to growth parameters. Major portions of this text are concerned with the discussion and quantitative description of the relations that are qualitatively anticipated in Fig.4.1.

Keywords

Phase Diagram Oxygen Partial Pressure Oxygen Pressure Stability Range Solution Growth 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and Department of Materials Science and EngineeringUniversity of UtahSalt Lake CityUSA

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