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The intrinsic properties of a solid, i.e., the properties that result from its specific structure, can be largely modified by crystallographic and chemical defects. The formation of these defects is governed by the heat and mass transfer conditions which prevail on and near a crystal-nutrient interface during crystallization. Hence, both the growth of highly perfect crystals and the preparation of samples having predetermined defect-induced (extrinsic) properties require a thorough understanding of the reaction and transport mechanisms that govern crystallization from vapors, solutions and melts. Crystal growth, as a science, is therefore mostly concerned with the chemistry and physics of heat and mass transport in these fluid-solid phase transitions. Solid-solid transitions are, at this time, not widely employed for high quality single-crystal production.
KeywordsCrystal Growth Mass Transfer Condition Current Theoretical Model Illustrative Material Material Science Program
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