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Das Peritoneum

Chapter
Part of the Spezielle pathologische Anatomie book series (SPEZIELLE, volume 2 / 2)

Zusammenfassung

Das Peritoneum ist eine glatte und dünne, elastische „Membran“, die vom Wandbelag der primitiven Leibeshöhle, dem Zölom, abstammt. Es ist mesodermaler Herkunft und bildet die Auskleidung der Bauchhöhle (Cavum peritonei). Das Peritoneum mit einer Oberfläche von knapp 2 m2bekleidet als parietales Blatt (= Peritoneum parietale) die Innenseite der Bauchhöhle und als Eingeweideblatt (= Peritoneum viscerale) die Organe des Bauchraumes. Das Cavum peritonei ist beim Mann in sich geschlossen; bei der Frau steht es durch das Infundibulum tubae mit der Außenwelt in Verbindung. Genitalinfektionen können sich auf diese Weise auch auf das Peritoneum ausdehnen.

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