DNA Vaccine Strategies for the Treatment of Cancer

  • P. A. Benton
  • R. C. Kennedy
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 226)

Abstract

A wide variety of immunotherapeutic strategies for the treatment of cancers is currently under investigation in both animal models and in clinical human trials (reviewed in Dranoff and Mulligan 1995). These include in vitro expansion and adoptive transfer of tumor-specific cytotoxic T cells in the presence or absence of recombinant cytokines (Rosenberg et al. 1985, 1986, 1988, 1989, 1991, 1993; Teng et al. 1991), tumor antigen-based vaccines (Cheever et al. 1986; Bright et al. 1994a; Conry et al. 1994; Stevenson et al. 1995), and tumor-reactive monoclonal antibodies conjugated to toxins (Trail et al. 1993; Vivetta et al. 1993). One of the most recent and innovative strategies has been based on the concept of genetic immunization. It is now well established that vaccination with plasmid DNA encoding a specific gene can elicit strong, long-lived protective immune responses to a variety of infectious agents (reviewed in Ulmer et al. 1996; Whalen 1996) as well as certain tumors (Conry et al. 1994; Nabel et al. 1994b; Stevenson et al. 1995; Bright et al. 1996; Corr et al. 1996; Schirmbeck et al. 1996). DNA vaccines directed at eliciting an immune response toward tumors appear to offer promise for both the prophylactic and therapeutic treatment of cancer.

Keywords

Lymphoma Leukemia Adenocarcinoma Influenza Retina 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. A. Benton
    • 1
  • R. C. Kennedy
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology and ImmunologyUniversity of Oklahoma Health Sciences CenterOklahoma CityUSA

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