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Neuropsychological Approaches to Reasoning and Decision-Making

  • R. Adolphs
  • D. Tranel
  • A. Bechara
  • H. Damasio
  • A. R. Damasio
Part of the Research and Perspectives in Neurosciences book series (NEUROSCIENCE)

Abstract

How do people reason and decide? Patients with damage to the ventromedial frontal cortex help answer this question, since their lesion renders their choices in the real world irrational, i.e., not in their best interest. Our approach was to describe dysfunction in real life circumstances and then to attempt to analyze the components of this dysfunction with controlled laboratory manipulations, employing psychophysiological and neuropsychological methods. The results we report in this paper suggest that this group of patients is defective in an essential and specific component of reasoning, the ability to guide choice by feeling.

Keywords

Skin Conductance Response Human Reasoning Somatic State Social Story Somatic Marker 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Adolphs
    • 1
  • D. Tranel
    • 1
  • A. Bechara
    • 1
  • H. Damasio
    • 1
  • A. R. Damasio
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neurology, Division of Cognitive NeuroscienceThe University of lowa College of MedicineIowa CityUSA

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