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Orbital Injection Analysis for Twin LAGEOS Satellites in Supplementary Orbits and the Measurement of the Lense-Thirring Gravitomagnetic Effect

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Geodetic Theory Today

Part of the book series: International Association of Geodesy Symposia ((IAG SYMPOSIA,volume 114))

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Abstract

In 1984 it was proposed to measure the gravitomagnetic field using two non-polar laser ranged satellites, of LAGEOS type, with supplementary inclination (butterfly configuration). The LAGEOS gravitomagnetic, Lense-Thirring, nodal precession is equal to 31 milliarcsec/year.

The orbital injection errors are among the list of potential error sources which could affect the measurement. A joint NASA-ASI scientific working group estimated an error budget considering orbits of supplementary inclination to LAGEOS I.

The present work will perform a new computation of the uncertainties due to orbital injection errors, having adopted JGM-2 as gravity model The improvement of the precision is of a factor 4, if compared with the previous computation performed by using the GEM-T1 model [1][2].

Furthermore it is investigated the possibility to use LAGEOS II as twin satellite in the “butterfly” configuration. The conclusion is that the accuracy in the measurement of the Gravitomagnetic effect is worsened.

Finally the improvements in the knowledge of the Earth’s gravity models makes wider the opportunities of using launchers less precise than DELTA-2 with a non-dramatic worsening of the error-budget. Therefore features of some candidates launchers and the impact of their associated orbit injection uncertainties on the measurement are discussed in the present paper.

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© 1995 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

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Vespe, F., Anselmo, L. (1995). Orbital Injection Analysis for Twin LAGEOS Satellites in Supplementary Orbits and the Measurement of the Lense-Thirring Gravitomagnetic Effect. In: Sansò, F. (eds) Geodetic Theory Today. International Association of Geodesy Symposia, vol 114. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-79824-5_20

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-79824-5_20

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-540-59421-5

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