Surgical Techniques: History, Anaesthesia and General Principles

  • Pierre Bouhanna
  • Jean-Claude Dardour


The history of the surgery of baldness is marked, in the first half of the twentieth century, by certain tentative autoplastics, which are often overlooked [29, 31, 49, 65]. Then, after Orentreich’s report in 1959 [47], at which time the work of Okuda [46] (published in 1939) was still unrecognised, the technique of scalp grafts developed. As for the so-called pathogenic surgical treatments, these have never been more than palliative and ineffective procedures.


Hair Bulb Transposition Flap Male Pattern Baldness Scalp Flap Temporal Flap 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pierre Bouhanna
    • 1
  • Jean-Claude Dardour
    • 2
  1. 1.ParisFrance
  2. 2.ParisFrance

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