Advertisement

Surface-Emitting Lasers

  • Kenichi Iga
  • Susumu Kinoshita
Part of the Springer Series in Materials Science book series (SSMATERIALS, volume 30)

Abstract

The surface-emitting laser began to be considered one of the crucial devices for the next generation of optoelectronics when advantage was taken of its high degree of parallelism. In this chapter, we review the concept of a vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser, mainly consisting of the GaInAsP/InP, GaAlAs/GaAs, and GaInAs/GaAs systems. Their ultimate performance and impact on the electronics industry will be discussed.

Keywords

Metal Organic Chemical Vapor Deposition Laser Array Double Heterostructure Current Blocking Layer Multilayer Reflector 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 10.1
    H. Soda, K. Iga, C. Kitahara, Y. Suematsu: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 2329 (1979)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 10.2
    K. Iga, F. Koyama, S. Kinoshita: IEEE J. QE-24, 1845 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 10.3
    I. Watanabe, F. Koyama, K. Iga: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 16, 1598 (1988)Google Scholar
  4. 10.4
    M. Oshikiri, H. Kawasaki, F. Koyama, K. Iga: Photon. Tech. Lett. 1, 11 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 10.5
    A. Kasukawa, Y. Imajo, T. Fukushima, H. Okamoto: 48th Device Res. Conf., Santa Barabara, CA (1990) Post Deadline Paper VB-2Google Scholar
  6. 10.6
    K. Iga, S. Kinoshita, F. Koyama: Electron. Lett. 23, 134 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 10.7
    F. Koyama, H. Uenohara, T. Sakaguchi, K. Iga: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 26, 1077 (1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 10.8
    F. Koyama, K. Tomomatsu, K. Iga: Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 528 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 10.9
    F. Koyama, S. Kinoshita, K. Iga: Trans. IEICE of Jpn. E 71, 1089 (1988)Google Scholar
  10. 10.10
    F. Koyama, S. Kinoshita, K. Iga: Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 221 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 10.11
    M. Tanobe, F. Koyama, K. Iga: Electron. Lett. 25, 1444 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 10.12
    T. Sakaguchi, F. Koyama, K. Iga: Electron. Lett. 24, 928 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 10.13
    S. Uchiyama, K. Iga, Y. Kokubun: 12th Europ. Conf. on Optical Commun. (1986) p. 37Google Scholar
  14. 10.14
    K. Iga, M. Oikawa, S. Misawa, J. Banno, Y. Kokubun: Appl. Opt. 21, 3456 (1982)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 10.15
    S. Uchiyama, K. Iga: Electron. Lett. 21, 162 (1985)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 10.16
    E. Ho, F. Koyama, K. Iga: MOC/GRIN’89, J2, 242 (1989)Google Scholar
  17. 10.17
    A. Ibaraki, K. Kawashima, K. Furasawa, T. Ishikawa, T. Yamaguchi, T. Niina: Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, L667 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 10.18
    M. Shimada, T. Asaka, Y. Yamasaki, H. Iwano, M. Ogura, S. Mukai: Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 1289 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 10.19
    Y.H. Lee, B. Tell, K. Brown-Goebeleer, J.L. Jewell: 48th Dev. Res. Conf., Santa Barbara, CA (1990) Post Deadline Paper VB-1Google Scholar
  20. 10.20
    J.L. Jewell, A. Scherer, S.L. McCall, Y.H. Lee, S.J. Walker, J.P. Harbison, L.T. Florez: Electron. Lett. 25, 1123 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 10.21
    R.S. Geels, L.A. Coldren: 48th Dev. Res. Conf., Santa Barbara, CA (1990) Paper VIIIA-1Google Scholar
  22. 10.22
    K. Iga, F. Koyama: Surface Emitting Lasers (Ohm-sha, Tokyo 1990) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
  23. 10.23
    N.W. Carlson: Monolithic Diode-Laser Arrays, Springer Ser. Electron. Photon., Vol.33 (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kenichi Iga
    • 1
  • Susumu Kinoshita
    • 1
  1. 1.Precision and Intelligence LaboratoryTokyo Institute of TechnologyMidori-ku, Yokohama 226Japan

Personalised recommendations