Twenty-five years have passed since Cooley implanted the first total artificial heart with four Wada valves in 1969. Those years have seen a revolution in computer technology with the miniaturization of components and the sophistication of integrated circuits and, in the United States, have brought demands for environmental stress screening according to military standard procedures. This need for military standard processes and components may give competitive advantages to researchers in other countries, but it will definitely help to protect against component failure under long-term conditions.
KeywordsTotal Artificial Heart Rotary Blood Pump Transplantation Society Fuzzy Pattern Recognition Terminal Heart Failure
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 7.Naito K, Miyazoe Y, Matsuda Y et al. (1993) Development of a compact centrifugal pump with purging system for circulatory support. First Congress of the International Society for Rotary Blood Pumps, Mie Prefecture, 16–17 Oct 1993Google Scholar
- 8.Nosé Y (1993) An electromechanical totally implantable total artificial heart system. First Congress of the Turkish Transplantation Society and Second Annual Meeting of the World Artificial Organ, Immunology and Transplantation Society, Ankara, 20–23 Oct 1993Google Scholar
- 9.Schima H, Schmidt C, Maar H, Trubel W, Losert U, Wolner H (1993) A two-stage controller for rotary blood pumps with fuzzy pattern recognition. First Congress of the International Society for Rotary Blood Pumps, Mie Prefecture, 16–17 Oct 1993Google Scholar
- 11.Zakharov VN (1994) Structural analysis of moving blood from the viewpoint of new principles of circulation mechanics. J Cardiovasc Surg 35:19–25Google Scholar