Chronic Heart Assist System

  • D. Liotta
  • C. B. Alvarez
  • CONICET-PROCOAR Investigators


Chronic heart failure (CHF) is the end of most heart diseases: ischemic heart disease, valvular disease, congenital heart disease, hypertension, etc. It has been defined as the physiopathological state where an abnormality of the heart function is responsible for the fall of the cardiac output necessary to mantain the metabolic requirements. This definition is not entirely correct, as there are situations where one can see that there is no variation in the cardiac output. The correct definition should be: systolic or diastolic dysfunction, or both, accompanied by a reduced tolerance to exercise, a high incidence of ventricular arrythmias, and a shortened life expectancy [1].


Chronic Heart Failure Latissimus Dorsi Chronic Heart Failure Patient Blood Pump Artificial Heart 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Liotta
  • C. B. Alvarez
  • CONICET-PROCOAR Investigators

There are no affiliations available

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