Chromium (Cr) toxicokinetics is the toxicokinetics of two different oxidation states, Cr(III) and Cr(VI), linked by reduction processes that are ubiquitous in body fluids and tissues. The kinetic behaviors of these two major oxidation states of chromium are very different. Reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) in the body, the lung, and the gastrointestinal tract is sufficiently rapid that bulk chromium kinetics may be considered to be the kinetics of Cr(III). However, certain detectable differences in chromium disposition depend upon whether exposure is to a Cr(III) or a Cr(VI) salt. In addition, the reduction process itself is of interest relative to the carcinogenicity of Cr(VI) in the lung. Therefore, a comprehensive understanding of the toxicokinetics of chromium must include the disposition of both Cr(III) and Cr(VI).
KeywordsCholesterol Nickel Toxicity Dust Welding
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