Flow Driven English Course

  • Ryszard Stocki
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 137)


Learning a foreign language is a cognitive process which usually takes many years. This chapter presents a plan for an elementary course of English which accounts for the individual cognitive abilities of the learner. The course has been equipped with a motivational mechanism, based on the experience of flow (Csikszentmihalyi 1975). There are four main features to the presented course. First, specific definition of the course objectives. Second, carefully calculated and specified steps to reach the objectives. Third, immediate feedback on the distance from an objective at every stage of the learning process. Fourth, the use of authentic materials and recordings processed for the purposes of the course and adjusted to the learner’s individual tempo of understanding and learning.


Flow foreign language learning motivation individual differences cognition extended in time future time perspective 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Csikszentmihalyi, M. (1975) Beyond freedom and anxiety. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  2. Csikszentmihalyi, M., Csikszentmihalyi, I. S. (1988) Optimal experience: psychological studies of flow in consciousness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Leech, G. (1983) The principles of pragmatics. London: Longamn.Google Scholar
  4. Loyola, St. I. (1548/1991) Exercita spiritualia. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Apostolstwa Modlitwy.Google Scholar
  5. Nęcka, E. (1992) Creativity training. Kraków: Uniwersitas.Google Scholar
  6. Stocki, R. (1992a) Indywidualne procesy poznawcze w nieograniczonej perspektywie czasowej: Styl poznawczy jako przyklad dhigotrwalego procesu poznawczego. In Strelau, J., Nęcka, E., and Ciarkowska, W. Róznice indywidualne: możliwości i preferencje.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ryszard Stocki
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of PsychologyJagiellonian UniversityKrakówPoland

Personalised recommendations