OGCM-constraints to PM’s

  • M. Lautenschlager
  • E. Maier-Reimer
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 22)


We examined the response of our ocean models of physical circulation and geochemical tracer distributions on atmospheric glacial forcing. The CLIMAP [1981] sea surface temperature (SST) was taken directly as a boundary condition. The windstress and freshwater flux were derived from the ice age response of an atmospheric general circulation model (AGCM). Near the surface, the ocean response in temperature and circulation reflects primarily the imposed glacial forcing fields. The simulated deep ocean response, especially in the North Pacific, is in conflict with the observational evidence. The glacial changes in the physical ocean circulation appear to be qualitatively as derived from sediment cores, but, probably, highly overestimated. The misfit between model and data is established clearly in the distribution of δ 13 C, where a direct comparison with sediment core data is possible. The simulated AGCM freshwater flux, which is linked for example by the evaporation to the imposed SST field, is suspected to be the most probable reason for this conflict.


Last Glacial Maximum Atmospheric General Circulation Model Ocean General Circulation Model Thermohaline Circulation Freshwater Flux 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Lautenschlager
    • 1
  • E. Maier-Reimer
    • 2
  1. 1.Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum GmbHHamburgGermany
  2. 2.Max-Planck-Institut für MeteorologieHamburgGermany

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