Unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) induced in vitro by cadmium in tracheal epithelial cells of rat and hamster

  • J. L. Poncy
  • M. Dhilly
  • R. Masse
Conference paper
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 85)

Abstract

Cadmium (Cd) is an ubiquitous pollutant of industry and environment. It is known to damage various organs such as bones, lungs and kidneys in m a n and experimental animals (Paterson 1947; Friberg et al., 1986; Foulke 1986). The carcinogenic effects of cadmium exhibit species specificity. Pulmonary tumors induction has been demonstrated after inhalation of several cadmium compounds in rats (Hadley et al., 1979; Takenaka et al., 1983; Oldiges et al., 1989). In contrast, no carcinogenic response has been found in mice and hamsters treated by similar compounds (Glaser, 1989). This discrepancy raises the problem of extrapolation of experimental results t o humans and obviously, there is a need to determine why animal species differ in their response to the metal. However, this response is modulated substantially with the cadmium compound used that indicates the predominant influence of the toxicokinetics of the different forms of inhaled substances. Several toxicokinetic parameters can indeed interact on the induction of carcinogenicity. One of them is the uptake of pollutant particles by target cells which induces directly the cytotoxicity and thegenotoxic effects in these cells. These observations may be especially important for carcinogenesis induced by Cd and ask to be explore.d Genotoxic effects of cadmium were previously demonstrated in in vitro systems (Swierenga et al., 1987; Coogan et al, 1992). Cadmium was shown to induce DNA damage in cultured cells by the action of reactive free radicals (Ochi et al., 1983; Snyder et al., 1988).

Keywords

Zinc Toxicity Dioxide Dust Cadmium 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Coogan T.P., Bare R.M., and Waalkes M.P. (1992). Cadmium-induced damage in cultured liver cells: Reduction in cadmium genotoxicity following zinc pretreatment. Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 113, 237–246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Foulkes E.C. (1986) Cadmium, pp. 135 - 178. Springer-Verlag, Berlin.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Friberg L., Elinder C.G., Kjeelstrom T. and Nordberg G.F. (1986). Cadmium and Health: A Toxicological and Epidemiological Appraisal, vol. II, Effects and Response, pp. 21–204. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.Google Scholar
  4. Glaser U. (1989). Lung cancer in rodents after long term inhalation of cadmium compounds. In: Hiscock S.A., Volpe R.A. (eds) Proc. 6th Intern. Cadmium Conference, Paris, pp. 143–146.Google Scholar
  5. Hadley J.G., Conklin A.W., Sanders C.L. (1979). Systemic toxicity of inhaled cadmium oxyde. Toxicol. Letters 1, 107–111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ochi T., Ishiguro T. and Ohsawa M. (1983). Participation of active oxygen species in the induction of single-strand scissions by cadmium chloride in cultured Chinese hamster cells. Mutation. Res. 122, 169–175.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Oldiges H., Hochrainer D., Glaser U. (1989). Long term inhalation study in Wistar rats and four cadmium compounds. Toxicol. Environ. Chem. 19, 217–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. PAterson J.C. (1947). Studies on the toxicity of inhaled cadmium. III. The pathology of cafmium smoke poisoning in man and experimental animals. J. Ind. Hyg. Toxicol. 29, 315–320Google Scholar
  9. Paterson J.C. (1947). Studies on the toxicity of inhaled cadmium. III. The pathology of cadmium smoke poisoning in man and experimental animals. J. Ind. Hyg. Toxicol. 29, 315–320.Google Scholar
  10. Robison, S.T., Cantoni O.C. and Costa M. (1984) Analysis of metal-induced DNA lesions and DNA-repair replication in mamallian cells. Mutat. Res. 131, 173–181.Google Scholar
  11. Snider R.D. (1988). Role of active oxygen species in metal-induced DNA strand breakage in human diploid fibroblasts. Mutation Res. 193, 237–246.Google Scholar
  12. Takenaka S., Oldiges H, Konig H., Hochreiner D. and Oberdorster G. (1983). Carcinogenicity of cadmium chloride aerosols in Wistar rats. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 72, 929–940.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. L. Poncy
    • 1
  • M. Dhilly
    • 1
  • R. Masse
    • 1
  1. 1.CEA/DSV/DPTE/Laboratoire de Radiobiologie AppliquéeGif sur Yvette CedexFrance

Personalised recommendations