Polymer Design for Minimally Adhesive Surfaces

  • K. J. Wynne
  • T. Ho
  • R. A. Nissan
  • X. Chen
  • J. A. GardellaJr.
Conference paper


In connection with our interest in the development of minimally adhesive surfaces to discourage the settlement of marine organisms, we have investigated polyurethanes and polyureas containing polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) segments. A two-step polymerization method was used to prepare dimethylsiloxane-urea-urethane copolymers with 1,4-benzenedimethanol as the chain extender. Thermal and mechanical properties of copolymers with chain extenders were found to be superior to those without chain extender, due to the additional hydrogen bonding interactions for the former. Surface composition was determined by angle-dependent electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA). Effects of segmental length and annealing on the surface composition were investigated. One of the siloxane containing copolymers was used as the minor component (1.6, 2.5 and 6.0 wt %) in a series of blends with a poly(ether-urethane), which preserved the mechanical properties of the poly(ether-urethane) as well as the surface properties of the poly(siloxane-urea-urethane).


Hard Segment Soft Segment Chain Extender Hard Segment Content Isophorone Diisocyanate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. J. Wynne
    • 1
    • 2
  • T. Ho
    • 3
  • R. A. Nissan
    • 4
  • X. Chen
    • 5
  • J. A. GardellaJr.
    • 5
  1. 1.Chemistry DivisionOffice of Naval ResearchArlingtonUSA
  2. 2.Materials Chemistry BranchNaval Research LaboratoryUSA
  3. 3.Department of ChemistryGeorge Mason UniversityFairfaxUSA
  4. 4.Chemistry DivisionNaval Air Weapons CenterChina LakeUSA
  5. 5.Department of ChemistryState University of New York at BuffaloBuffaloUSA

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