The World Data Center System, International Data Exchange, and New ICSU Programs
The World Data Center (WDC) system is a dynamic global network of 40 currently active centers linking data contributors to data users. It has operated for over 36 years under ICSU guidance. The WDC system began in 1957 as a group of nationally sponsored archival centers for geophysical and solar data collected worldwide during the International Geophysical Year (IGY). The system was continued in 1960 to provide a non-governmental mechanism for international data exchange in the covered disciplines. As of 1989, the WDC system responsibilities were broadened to cover “geophysical, solar, and environmental” data. WDCs cooperate with other ICSU data-related services such as the Federation of Astronomical, Geophysical, and Data Analysis Services (FAGS) and the Committee on Data for Science and Technology (CODATA) and with the many specialized regional, national and institutional centers concerned with data collection and dissemination.
KeywordsMagnetic Tape World Data International Geophysical Year Recent Crustal Movement National Geophysical Data Center
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