Permian of the Western United States

  • Bruce R. Wardlaw
  • Walter S. Snyder
  • Claude Spinosa
  • Dora M. Gallegos

Abstract

The former Antler orogenic belt divides Permian of displaced terranes to the west from Permian continental margin miogeoelinal deposits to the east. We will refer to this important structural feature as the Antler belt. The structural setting of the Permian of the displaced terranes accreted to the North American continent is complex and a subject of much active research. The structural setting of the Permian rocks of the miogeocline is becoming well known and will be briefly elucidated here.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Blome CD, Nestell MK (1991) Evolution of a Permo-Triassic sedimentary melange, Grindstone terrane, east-central Oregon. Geol Soc Am Bull 103: 1280–1296CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Brueckner HK, Snyder WS (1985) Structure of the Havallah sequence, Golconda Allochthon, Nevada: evidence for prolonged evolution in an accretionary wedge. Geol Soc Am Bull 96: 1113–1130CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Burchfiel BC, Davis GA (1972) Structural framework and evolution of the southern part of the Cordilleran orogeny, western United States. Am J Sc 272: 97–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Burchfiel BC, Davis GA (1975) Nature and controls of Cordilleran orogenesis, western United States — extensions of an earlier synthesis. Am J Sci 275A: 363–396Google Scholar
  5. Campbell J A (1980) Lower Permian deposition systems and Wolfcampian paleogeography, Uncompahgre basin, eastern Utah and southwestern Colorodo. In: Fouch TD, Magathan ER (eds) Paleozoic paleogeography of the west-central United States. Rocky Mountain Section, Soc Econ Paleontol Mineral Rocky Mountain Paleogeography Symp 1: 327–340Google Scholar
  6. Carr MD, Poole FG, Christiansen RL (1984) Pre-Cenozoic geology of the El Paso Mountains, southwestern Great Basin, California — a summary. In: Lintz J Jr (ed) Western geological excursions, vol. 4. Geol Soc Am Meet, Reno, Nevada, Mackay School of Mines, University Nevada, Reno, pp 84–93Google Scholar
  7. Clark DL, Peterson DO, Stokes WL, Wardlaw BR, Wilcox JD (1977) Permian-Triassic sequence in northwest Utah. Geology 5: 655–658CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Coash JR (1967) Geology of the Mt Velma Quadrangle, Elko County, Nevada. Nevada Bur Mines Bull 68: 20 ppGoogle Scholar
  9. Coats RR (1987) Geology of Elko County, Nevada. Nevada Bur Mines Geol Bull 101: 112 ppGoogle Scholar
  10. Coats RR, Gordon M Jr (1972) Tectonic implications of the presence of the Edna Mountain Formation in northern Elko County, Nevada. In: Geological survey research 1972. US Geol Surv Prof Pap 800-C: C85-C94Google Scholar
  11. Dickinson WR (1977) Paleozoic plate tectonics and the evolution of the Cordilleran continental margin. In: Stewart JH, Stevens CH, Fritsche AE (eds) Paleozoic paleogeography of the western United States: Pacific Section Soc Econ Paleontol Mineral, Coast Paleogeography Symp 1, Book 7, pp 137–155.Google Scholar
  12. Dott RH Jr (1955) Pennsylvanian stratigraphy of Elko and northern Diamond Ranges, northeastern Nevada. AAPG Bull, 39: 2211–2305Google Scholar
  13. Erickson RL, Marsh SP (1974) Paleozoic tectonics in the Edna Mountain quadrangle, Nevada. J Res US Geol Surv 2:331–337Google Scholar
  14. Gallegos DM, Wardlaw BR (1992) Asselian (Early Permian) conodont fauna from the Garden Valley Formation, Nevada. Geol Soc Am, Boulder, CO, Abstr with Progr vol. 24, p 13Google Scholar
  15. Gallegos DM, Snyder WS, Spinosa C (1991), Tectonic implications of facies patterns, Lower Permian Dry Mountain trough, east-central Nevada. In: Cooper J, Stevens CH (eds) Paleozoic paleogeography of the western, United States II. Pacific Section, Soc Econ Paleontol Mineral Tulsa, OK, pp 343–356Google Scholar
  16. Hall WE (1985) Stratigraphy and mineral deposits in middle and upper Paleozoic rocks of black-shale mineral belt, central Idaho. In: Mclntyre DH (ed) Symposium on the geolofy and mineral resources of the Challis 1x2 degree quadrangle, Idaho. US Geol Surv Bull 1658-J: 117–132Google Scholar
  17. Harwood DS, Murchey BL (1990) Biostratigraphic, tectonic, and paleogeographic ties between upper Paleozoic volcanic and basinal rocks in the northern Sierra terrane, California, and the Havallah sequence, Nevada. In: Harwood DS, Miller MM (eds) Paleozoic and early Mesozoic paleogeographic relations; Sierra Nevada, Klamath Mountains, and related terranes. Geol Soc Am Spec Pap 225: 157–173Google Scholar
  18. Hoare RD (1963) Permian fusulinids from the Sunflower Reservoir areas of northern Nevada. J Paleontol 37: 1143Google Scholar
  19. Irwin WP, Galanis SP Jr (1976) Map showing limestone and selected fossil localities in the Klamath Mountains, California and Oregon. US Geol Surv, Mise Field Stud Map MF-749Google Scholar
  20. Jones AE (1991) Sedimentary rocks of the Golconda allochthon terrane: pervenance and paleogeographic implications. In: Cooper JD, Stevens CH (eds) Paleozoic paleogeography of the western United States II. Pacific Section Soc Econ Paleontol Mineral pp 783–800Google Scholar
  21. Jordan TE, Douglas RC (1980) Paleogeography and structural development of the Late Pennsylvanian to Early Permian Oquirrh basin, northwestern Utah. In: Fouch TD, Magathan ER (eds) Paleozoic paleogeography of the west-central United States. Soc Econ Paleontol Mineral Rocky Mountain Section, Rocky Mountain Paleogeography Symp 1, pp 217–230Google Scholar
  22. Larson ER, Langenheim RL Jr (1979) The Mississippian and Pennsylvanian (Carboniferous) systems in the United States — Nevada. US Geol Surv Prof Pap 1110-BB: BB1-BB19Google Scholar
  23. Laule SW, Snyder WS, Ormiston AR (1981) Willow Canyon Formation, Nevada: an extension of the Golconda Allochthon. Geol Soc Am, Boulder, CO, Abstr with Progr 13:66Google Scholar
  24. Link PK, Skipp B, Hait MH Jr, Janecke S, Burton BR (1988) Structural and stratigraphic transect of south-central Idaho: a field guide to the Lost River, White Knob, Pioneer, Boulder, and Smoky Mountains. In: Link PK, Hackett WR (eds) Guidebook to the geology of central and southern Idaho. Idaho Geol Surv Bull 27: 5–42Google Scholar
  25. Mahoney JB, Sengebush RM (1988) Stratigraphy of the Lower Permian Grand Prize Formation, south-central Idaho. In: Link PK, Hackett WR (eds) Guidebook to the geology of central and southern Idaho. Idaho Geol Surv Bull 27: 169–179Google Scholar
  26. Mahoney JB, Link PK, Burton BR, Geslin JK, O’Brien JP (1991) Pennsylvanian and Permian Sun Valley Group, Wood River basin, south-central Idaho. In: Cooper JD, Stevens CH (eds) Paleozoic paleogeography of the western United States II. Pacific Section Soc Econ Paleontol Mineral pp 551–579Google Scholar
  27. Marcantel JB (1975) Late Pennsylvanian and Early Permian sedimentation in northeast Nevada. AAPG Bull 59: 2079–2098Google Scholar
  28. McKee EH (1976) Geology of the northern part of the Toquima Range, Lander, Eureka, and Nye Counties, Nevada. US Geol Surv Prof Pap 931: 49 ppGoogle Scholar
  29. Miller EL, Holdsworth BK, Whiteford WB, Rodgers D (1984) Stratigraphy and structure of the Schoonover sequence, northeastern Nevada: implications for Paleozoic plate-margin tectonics. Geol Soc Am Bull 95: 1063–1076CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Miller MM (1987) Dispersed remnants of a northeast Pacific fringing arc: Upper Paleozoic terranes of Permian McCloud faunal affinity, western U.S. Tectonics 6: 807–830CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Miller MM, Harwood DS (1990) Paleogeographic setting of upper Paleozoic rocks in the northern Sierra and eastern Klamath terranes, northern California. In: Harwood DS, Miller MM (eds) Paleozoic and early Mesozoic paleogeographic relations: Sierra Nevada, Klamath Mountains, and related terranes. Geol Soc Am Spec Pap 225: 175–192Google Scholar
  32. Murchey BL (1990) Age of depositional setting of siliceous sediments in the upper Paleozoic Havallah sequence near Battle Mountain, Nevada; implications for the paleogeography and structural evolution of the western margin of North America. In: Harwood DS, Miller MM (eds) Paleozoic and early Mesozoic paleogeographic relations; Sierra Nevada, Klamath Mountains, and related terranes. Geol Soc Am Spec Pap 225: 137–155Google Scholar
  33. Murchey BL, Jones DL, Blome CD (1983) Comparison of Permian and lower Mesozoic radiolarian chert in western accreted terranes. Geological Society of America, Boulder, Co, Abstr with Progr, 15: 371Google Scholar
  34. Mytton JW, Morgan WA, Wardlaw BR (1983) Stratigraphic relations of Permian units, Cassia Mountains, Idaho. In: Miller DM, Todd VR, Howard KA (eds) Tectonics and stratigraphic studies in the eastern Great Basin. Geol Soc Am Mem 157: 281–303Google Scholar
  35. Roberts RJ (1964) Stratigraphy and structure of Antler Peak Quadrangle, Humboldt and Lander Counties, Nevada, US Geol Surv Prof Pap 459-A: 93 ppGoogle Scholar
  36. Roberts RJ, Crittenden MD Jr, Tooker EW, Morris HT, Hose RK, Cheney TM (1965) Pennsylvanian and Permian basins in northwestern Utah, northeastern Nevada, and south-central Idaho. Bull 49: 1926–1956Google Scholar
  37. Ross CA, Ross JRP (1983) Late Paleozoic accreted terranes of western North America. In: Stevens CH (ed) Pre-Jurassic rock in western North American suspect terranes. Pacific Section, Soc Econ Paleontol Mineral pp 7–22Google Scholar
  38. Sailer AH, Dickinson WR (1982) Alluvial to marine facies transition in the Antler overlap sequence, Pennsylvanian and Permain of noth-central Nevada. J Sediment Petrol 52: 925–940Google Scholar
  39. Sando WJ (1986) Second supplement to checklist of North American Late Paleozoic coral species (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). J Paleontol 60: 780–781Google Scholar
  40. Schwarz DL (1987) Geology of the Lower Permian Dry Mountain trough, Buck Mountain, Limestone Peak, and Secret Canyon areas, east-central Nevada. MSc Thesis, Boise State University, Boise, Idaho, 149 ppGoogle Scholar
  41. Schwarz DL, Snyder WS, Hutter TJ (1991) Tectonostratigraphy of the Ordovician Tennessee Mountain Formation, Permian Sunflower Formation, and the Poorman Peak sequence, Wild Horse area, north-central Elko County, Nevada. In: Cooper JD, Stevens CH (eds) Paleozoic paleogeography of the western United States II. Pacific Section Soc Econ Paleontol Mineral pp 357–369Google Scholar
  42. Schweickert RA, Snyder WS (1981) Paleozoic plate tectonics of the Sierra Nevada and adjacent regions. In: Ernst WG (ed) Rubey vol I, The geotectonic evolution of California. Prentice Hall, New York, pp 609–627Google Scholar
  43. Smith DL, Miller EL (1990) Late Paleozoic extension in the Great Basin, western United States. Geology 18: 712–715CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Snyder WS, Brueckner HK (1983) Tectonic evolution of the Golconda allochthon, Nevada: problems and perspectives, In: Stevens CH (ed) Pre-Jurassic rock in western North American suspect terranes. Pacific Section, Soc Econ Paleontol Mineral pp 103–123Google Scholar
  45. Snyder WS, Spinosa C, Gallegos DM (1991) Pennsylvanian-Permian tectonism along the western U. S. continental margin: recognition of a new tectonic event. In: Raines GL, Lisle RE, Schafer RW, Wilkinson WH (eds) Geology and ore deposits of the Great Basin. Symp Proc, Geol Soc Nevada, Reno, NV, pp 5–20Google Scholar
  46. Speed RC (1979) Collided Paleozoic microplate in the western United States. J Geol 87: 279–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Spinosa C, Nassichuk WW (1985) The Permian ammonoid Uraloceras in North America and its global significance. Geological Society of America, Boulder, CO, Annu Meet, Abstr with Progr, p 724Google Scholar
  48. Spinosa C, Nassichuk WW, Snyder WS, Gallegos DM (1991) Paleoecologic implications of high latitude and middle latitude affinities of the ammonoid Uraloceras. In: Cooper J, Stevens CH (eds) Paleozoic paleogeography of the western United States II. Pacific Section, Soc Econ Paleontol Mineral, pp 839–846Google Scholar
  49. Steele G (1960) Pennsylvanian-Permian stratigraphy of east-central Nevada and adjacent Utah. In: Guidebook, geology of east-central Nevada. Intermountain Association of Petroleum Geologists, 11th Annu Field Conf, Salt Lake City, UT, pp 91–113Google Scholar
  50. Stevens CH (1977) Permian depositional provinces and tectonics, western United States. In: Stewart JH, Stevens CH, Fritsche AE (eds) Paleozoic paleogeography of the western United States. Pacific Section, Soc Econ Paleontol Mineral, Pacific Coast Paleogeography Symp 1, pp 113–136Google Scholar
  51. Stevens CH (1982) The Early Permian Thysanophyllum coral reconstructions: another clue to Permian plate-tectonic reconstructions. Geol Soc Am Bull 93: 798–803CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Stevens CH (1991) Permian paleogeography of the western United States. In: Cooper JD, Stevens CH (eds) Paleozoic paleogeography of the western United States II. Pacific Section, Soc Econ Paleontol Mineral pp 149–166Google Scholar
  53. Stevens CH, Wagner DB, Sumsion RS (1979) Permian fusulinid biostratigraphy, central Cordilleran miogeosync-line. J Paleontol 53: 29–36Google Scholar
  54. Stone P, Stevens CH (1984) Stratigraphy and depositional history of Pennsylvanian and Permian rocks in the Owens Valley — Death Valley region, eastern California. In: Lintz J Jr (ed) Western geological excursions, vol 4. Mackay School Mines, Univ. Nevada, Reno, pp 94–119Google Scholar
  55. Stone P, Stevens CH (1988a) An angular unconformity in the Permian section of east-central California. Geol Soc Am Bull 100: 547–551CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Stone P, Stevens CH (1988b) Pennsylvanian and Early Permian paleogeography of east-central California: implications for the shape of the continental margin and the timing of continental truncation. Geology 16: 330–333CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Trexler JH Jr, Snyder WS, Cashman P, Gallegos DM, Spinosa C (1991) Mississippian through Permian orogenesis in eastern Nevada: post-Antler, pre-Sonoma tectonics of the western Cordillera. In: Cooper J, Stevens CH (eds) Paleozoic paleogeography of the western United States II. Pacific Section, Soc Econ Paleontol Mineral, pp 317–329Google Scholar
  58. Verville GJ, Laule SW (1979) Early Permian fusulinids from the Wildcat Peak Formation, central Toquima Range, Nye County, Nevada. In: Newman GW, Goode HD (eds) Basin and Range Symposium. Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Utah Geological Association, Las Vegas, NY, pp 273–276Google Scholar
  59. Verville GJ, Drowley DD, Basemann JF, James SL (1985) Age correlation and tectonic significance of Wildcat Peak Formation, northern Toquima Range, Nevada. AAPG Bull, 65: 869–870Google Scholar
  60. Walker JD (1988) Permian and Triassic rocks of the Mojave Desert and their implications for timing and mechanisms of continental truncation. Tectonics 7, 3: 685–709CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Wardlaw BR (1980) Middle-Late Permian paleogeography of Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Utah, and Wyoming. In: Fouch TD, Magathan ER (eds) Paleozoic paleogegraphy of the west-central United States. Rocky Mountain Section, Soc Econ Paleontol Mineral, Rocky Mountain Paleogeography Symp 1, pp 353–361Google Scholar
  62. Wardlaw BR, Collinson JW (1978) Stratigraphic relations of Park City Group (Permian) in eastern Nevada and western Utah. AAPG Bull 62: 1171–1184Google Scholar
  63. Wardlaw BR, Collinson JW (1979) Youngest Permian conodont faunas from the Great Basin and Rocky Mountain regions. In: Sandberg CA, Clark DL (eds) Conodont biostratigraphy of the Great Basin and Rocky Mountains. Brigham Young Univ Geol Stud 26: 151–164Google Scholar
  64. Wardlaw BR, Collinson JW (1986) Paleontology and deposition of the Phosphoria Formation. Contrib Geol Univ Wyo 24: 107–142Google Scholar
  65. Wardlaw BR, Nesteil MK, Dutro JT Jr (1982) Biostratigraphy and structural setting of the Permian Coyote Butte Formation of central Oregon. Geology 10: 13–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  66. Wavra CS, Isaacson PE, Hall WE (1986) Studies of the Idaho black shale belt: stratigraphy, depositional environment, and economic geology of the Permian Dollarhide Formation. Geol Soc Am Bull 97: 1504–1511CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  67. Whiteford WB (1990) Paleogeographic setting of the Schoonover sequence, Nevada, and implications for the late Paleozoic margin of western North America. In: Harwood DS, Miller MM (eds) Peleozoic and early Mesozoic paleogeographic relations; Sierra Nevada, Klamath Mountains, and related terranes. Geol Soc Am Spec Pap 225: 115–136Google Scholar
  68. Wilde GL (1971) Phylogeny of Pseudofusulinella and its bearing on Early Permian stratigraphy. Smithson Contrib Paleobiol 3: 362–379Google Scholar
  69. Wilson BR, Laule SW (1979) Tectonics and sedimentation along the Antler orogenic belt of central Nevada. In: Newman GW, Goode HD (eds) Basin and Range Symposium. Rocky Mountain Association of Geologists, Denver, pp 81–92.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruce R. Wardlaw
    • 1
  • Walter S. Snyder
    • 2
  • Claude Spinosa
    • 2
  • Dora M. Gallegos
    • 2
  1. 1.MS970 National CenterUS Geological SurveyRestonUSA
  2. 2.Department of GeosciencesBoise State UniversityBoiseUSA

Personalised recommendations