Molecular Aspects of Natural and Induced Incompatibility in Flowering Plants

  • Christine Gietl
Part of the Progress in Botany/Fortschritte der Botanik book series (BOTANY, volume 55)


Evolutionary success of the angiosperms is based to a considerable extent on the development of a great diversity of flowers, which are adapted to ensure efficient reproduction. Thus, carpels protect the ovules and the stigma receives the pollen grains, which after germination form a tube growing through the stylar tissue. The pollen tube delivers two generative nuclei to the embryo sac for a double fertilization. In order to increase cross-pollination leading to genetic recombination, a number of mechanisms have evolved. Besides architectural features of the flower and adaptations to insect pollination, cell biological systems contribute to the promotion of cross-fertilization.


Pollen Tube Male Sterility Cytoplasmic Male Sterility Tapetal Cell Fertility Restoration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christine Gietl
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Botanik und Mikrobiologie, Lehrstuhl für Botanikder Technischen Universität MünchenMünchenGermany

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