Antiferromagnetism in High-Temperature Superconductors

  • Nikolai M. Plakida


One of the universal features of copper-oxide compounds is the antiferromagnetic ordering of the copper spins in the CuO2 planes. In stoichiometric compounds, the copper ions are in the state Cu2+ and have one hole with spin S = 1/2 in the 3d shell. A strong superexchange interaction (via oxygen ions) between hole spins at copper sites gives rise to a three-dimensional long-range antiferromagnetic order with relatively high Neel temperatures T N = 300−500 K. Although the long-range order disappears in the metallic and superconducting phases, strong dynamical spin fluctuations with a wide spectrum of excitations are observed even at temperatures above 100 K. This fact has led to a number of hypotheses on possible electron pairing in copper-oxide compounds via magnetic degrees of freedom (Sect. 7.3). The study of the antiferromagnetic properties of high-temperature superconductors is thus important for checking hypotheses on magnetic mechanisms of superconductivity. The interaction of copper spins in a plane is of two-dimensional nature. Their small value, S = 1/2, is the reason behind the important quantum fluctuations. In this respect, besides exploring the interplay of antiferromagnetism and superconductivity, the study of quantum two-dimensional antiferromagnets is of great interest in its own right.


Spin Fluctuation Knight Shift Copper Site Anti Ferromagnet Weak Ferromagnetic Moment 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nikolai M. Plakida
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Theoretical PhysicsJoint Institute for Nuclear ResearchDubna, Moscow RegionRussia

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