Hydrodynamic Control of Bivalve Filter Feeders: A Conceptual View

  • D. J. Wildish
  • D. D. Kristmanson
Part of the Nato ASI Series book series (volume 33)


Marine bivalve molluscs include a diverse group of mainly benthic forms as adults. Their life histories are complex with a planktonic larval stage. Both larvae and many adult bivalves suspension feed by capturing microscopic particulates, inclusive of detritus, bacteria, microalgae and small animals (=seston). Sestonic particles captured by bivalve suspension feeders typically have diameters of the order of 1 to 100 μm: bacteria to microplankton (Fig. 1) and occur in seasonally variable amounts in seawater. By comparison, the sizes of newly hatched bivalve larvae, such as the giant scallop (Placopecten magellanicus) are ∼350 μm in length, growing to a maximum valve height (Fig. 1) in excess of 10 cm.


Mytilus Edulis Blue Mussel Benthic Boundary Layer Slip Speed Seston Concentration 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. J. Wildish
    • 1
  • D. D. Kristmanson
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Fisheries and OceansBiological StationSt. AndrewsCanada
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringUniversity of New BrunswickFrederictonCanada

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