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The Impact of Bird Predation on Marine and Estuarine Bivalve Populations: A Selective Review of Patterns and Underlying Causes

  • Patrick M. Meire
Part of the Nato ASI Series book series (volume 33)

Abstract

Throughout the world, estuaries and coastal seas are important for many species of waders, ducks and geese either as a refueling site on migration or as wintering areas (see Davidson and Pienkowski 1987; Boyd and Pirot 1989 and references therein). For some species they also form important breeding sites. Birds are attracted to these habitats because of the huge amount of food present that can be exploited easily as the tidal flats are exposed at low water or in the shallow parts of the coastal seas. This food source includes plants (seaweeds and seagrasses) but consists mainly of benthic animals, the majority being molluscs, polychaetes and crustaceans.

Keywords

Mytilus Edulis Macoma Balthica Common Eider Diving Duck Herring Gull 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick M. Meire
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Nature ConservationHasseltBelgium

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