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The Relationship between Anthropogenic Nitrogen Oxides and Ozone Trends in the Arctic Troposphere

  • Dan Jaffe
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 7)

Abstract

Low solar insolation and low precipitation rates dramatically slow down the oxidation and removal of many anthropogenic pollutants in the Arctic, including hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides. These processes give rise to a seasonal pollutant accumulation in the Arctic often referred to as “Arctic Haze”, with a maximum in the winter-spring period. There is some evidence that the wintertime accumulation of these constituents occurs not only in the Arctic but also in other remote Northern Hemispheric locations as well. Penkett and Brice [1986] suggest that a hemispheric buildup of nitrogen oxides and hydrocarbons contributes to the observed springtime maximum in ozone which is usually attributed to stratospheric exchange. Based on modeling studies, Isaksen et al. [1985] have found that the arctic reservoir of nitrogen oxides can play a significant role in ozone production in the spring.

Keywords

Nitrogen Oxide Ozone Concentration Tropospheric Ozone Surface Ozone Ozone Production 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dan Jaffe
    • 1
  1. 1.Geophysical Institute and Department of ChemistryUniversity of Alaska FairbanksUSA

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