Constructive Learning: The Role of the Learner

  • P. Robert-Jan Simons
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (volume 105)


In long term memory there are, we think, three kinds of memory representations: semantic, episodic and action representations (see Boekaerts, 1987). Semantic representations refer to concepts and principles with their defining characteristics (like a bird is an animal with feathers). Episodic representations are based on personal, situated and affective experiences with instances of the concepts and principles (like I love my little bird). Action representations refer to the things one can do with the semantic and episodic information: solving certain kinds of problems, using the knowledge (like birds can bring over messages).


Learning Goal Memory Representation Constructive Learning American Educational Research Association Independent Learning 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Robert-Jan Simons
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NijmegenNijmegenThe Netherlands

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