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Transformation in Grapevine (Vitis spp.)

  • S. M. Colby
  • C. P. Meredith
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 23)

Abstract

Woody perennials, a group that includes most fruit, nut, and timber crops, are particularly difficult to manipulate genetically. Because genetic gains in these species are made slowly, if at all, by conventional plant breeding methods, such crops stand to benefit significantly from genetic transformation. In grape (Vitis spp.), new cultivars are not only difficult to produce, but in the case of wine cultivars, breeders face the additional obstacle of commercial acceptability. In most wine-producing regions, ancient cultivars are economically well entrenched and quite resistant to displacement. In this context, the prospect of directed modification by transformation of specific traits in existing cultivars has tremendous appeal, and it is not surprising that most research groups concerned with grape improvement are working toward this goal.

Keywords

Transgenic Plant Somatic Embryo Somatic Embryogenesis Adventitious Shoot Vitis Vinifera 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. M. Colby
    • 1
    • 2
  • C. P. Meredith
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Biological ChemistryWashington State UniversityPullmanUSA
  2. 2.BeniciaUSA
  3. 3.Department of Viticulture and EnologyUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA

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