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Transformation in Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.)

  • K. Lindsey
  • M. G. K. Jones
  • P. Gallois
  • C. Eady
Part of the Biotechnology in Agriculture and Forestry book series (AGRICULTURE, volume 23)

Abstract

Sugar beet, Beta vulgaris L. (family Chenopodiaceae) is the major sucrose-producing crop grown in temperate zones, and contributes approximately 35% of the world’s supply, with the rest derived from sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum). The sucrose accumulates in the underground storage organ, or beet, and is extracted and purified after pulping. There are a number of targets for the genetic improvement of sugar beet (see Table 1), including improved harvesting and processing characteristics; the introduction of resistance to diseases, notably rhizomania and other viral diseases such as those caused by the beet yellows; and resistance to herbicides. However, in view of the fact that sugar beet is a biennial and highly heterozygous, being naturally cross-pollinated, conventional breeding is slow and difficult (Atanassov 1986).

Keywords

Sugar Beet Transient Gene Expression Beet Necrotic Yellow Vein Virus Sugar Beet Plant Direct Gene Transfer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Lindsey
    • 1
  • M. G. K. Jones
    • 2
  • P. Gallois
    • 3
  • C. Eady
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BotanyUniversity of LeicesterLeicesterUK
  2. 2.Dept. Plant SciencesMurdoch UniversityPerthAustralia
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Physiologie et Biologie Moleculaire VégétalesUniversité de PerpignanPerpignanFrance

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